Fujifilm FinePix S8300 vs. Nikon Coolpix P510

Comparison

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FinePix S8300 image
vs
Coolpix P510 image
Fujifilm FinePix S8300 Nikon Coolpix P510
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Megapixels
16.20
16.10
Max. image resolution
4608 x 3456
4608 x 3456

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
4642 x 3490
4627 x 3479
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Fujifilm FinePix S8300 Nikon Coolpix P510
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
S8300 and P510 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
1.33 µm
1.33 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0 µm (0%)
S8300 and P510 have the same pixel pitch.
Pixel area
1.77 µm²
1.77 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0 µm² (0%)
Fujifilm S8300 and Nikon P510 have the same pixel area.
Pixel density
56.79 MP/cm²
56.42 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 0.37 µm (0.7%)
Fujifilm S8300 has approx. 0.7% higher pixel density than Nikon P510.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Specs

Fujifilm S8300
Nikon P510
Crop factor
5.62
5.62
Total megapixels
16.79
Effective megapixels
16.20
16.10
Optical zoom
42x
42x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 300, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 2000, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
45 cm
30 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
2 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
24 - 1008 mm
24 - 1000 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.9 - f6.5
f3.3 - f5.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.3 - f36.5
f18.5 - f33.2
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-segment, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
8 sec
8 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/7000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Electronic
White balance presets
7
5
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
460,000 dots
921,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
4 x AA type alkaline batteries
Nikon EN-EL5 Lithium-Ion battery
Weight
670 g
555 g
Dimensions
122.6 x 86.9 x 116.2 mm
120 x 83 x 102 mm
Year
2013
2012



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm S8300 diagonal

The diagonal of S8300 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Nikon P510 diagonal

The diagonal of P510 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

S8300 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

P510 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

S8300 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4642 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm
4642

P510 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm
4627


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

S8300 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm

Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²

P510 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm

Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

S8300 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4642 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4642 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.79 MP/cm²

P510 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4627 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.42 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

S8300 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.20 × 1000000  = 3490
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3490 × 1.33 = 4642
Resolution vertical: X = 3490

Sensor resolution = 4642 x 3490

P510 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.10 × 1000000  = 3479
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3479 × 1.33 = 4627
Resolution vertical: X = 3479

Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


S8300 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

P510 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

S8300 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.9 - f6.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.9 - f6.5) × 5.62 = f16.3 - f36.5

P510 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.3 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f5.9) × 5.62 = f18.5 - f33.2

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