Leica V-Lux 4 vs. Canon EOS 60D

Comparison

V-Lux 4 image
vs.
EOS 60D image

Comparison

Leica V-Lux 4 Canon EOS 60D
Megapixels
12.10 18.00
Max. resolution
4000 x 3000 5184 x 3456
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm) 22.3 x 14.9 mm
Sensor resolution
4011 x 3016  5196 x 3464 
Diagonal
7.70 mm  26.82 mm 
Surface area
28.46 mm²  332.27 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Leica V-Lux 4
vs.
Canon EOS 60D
 
Surface area:
Leica V-Lux 4
Canon EOS 60D
Difference: 303.81 mm² (1067%)
Canon EOS 60D has approx. 1067% more surface area than Leica V-Lux 4.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Leica V-Lux 4 (2012) and Canon EOS 60D (2010). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.54 µm  4.29 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Leica V-Lux 4
Canon EOS 60D
Difference: 2.75 µm (179%)
Pixel pitch of Canon EOS 60D is approx. 179% higher than pixel pitch of Leica V-Lux 4.
Pixel area
2.37 µm²  18.4 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Leica V-Lux 4
vs.
Canon EOS 60D
Pixel area difference: 16.03 µm² (676%)
A pixel on Canon EOS 60D sensor is approx. 676% bigger than a pixel on Leica V-Lux 4.
Pixel density
42.4 MP/cm²  5.43 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Leica V-Lux 4
Canon EOS 60D
Difference: 36.97 MP/cm² (681%)
Leica V-Lux 4 has approx. 681% higher pixel density than Canon EOS 60D.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
5.62  1.61 
Total megapixels
12.80 19.00
Effective megapixels
12.10 18.00
Optical zoom
24x n/a
Digital zoom
Yes No
Iso
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800,1600, 3200, 6400 Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, (12800 with boost)
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
30 cm n/a
Macro focus range
1 cm n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
25 -€“ 600 mm n/a
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
f2.8 n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
f15.7  n/a 
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot Centre weighted, Evaluative, Spot
Exposure compensation
±3 EV (at 1/3 EV steps) -5EV - +5EV with 1/3 or 1/2 step
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec 1/8000 sec
Flash modes
Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow Sync Auto, On, Off, Red-eye
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Electronic Optical (pentaprism)
White balance presets
5 6
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
3" 3"
LCD resolution
460,000 1,040,000
Min. image resolution
640 x 480 480 x 480
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Internal SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery & charger Lithium-Ion LP-E6 rechargeable battery & charger
Weight
589.5g 755 g
Dimensions
125.2x86.6x110.2 mm 145 x 106 x 79 mm
Year
2012 2010



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Leica V-Lux 4 diagonal

The diagonal of Leica V-Lux 4 image sensor is not 1/2.3 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Canon EOS 60D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Leica V-Lux 4 surface area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

Canon EOS 60D surface area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Leica V-Lux 4 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.54 µm
4011

Canon EOS 60D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 4.29 µm
5196


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Leica V-Lux 4 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.54 µm

Pixel area = 1.54² = 2.37 µm²

Canon EOS 60D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.29 µm

Pixel area = 4.29² = 18.4 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Leica V-Lux 4 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4011 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 42.4 MP/cm²

Canon EOS 60D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (5196 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 5.43 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Leica V-Lux 4 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 3016
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016

Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016

Canon EOS 60D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.00
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  18.00 × 1000000  = 3464
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3464 × 1.5 = 5196
Resolution vertical: X = 3464

Sensor resolution = 5196 x 3464


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Leica V-Lux 4 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

Canon EOS 60D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Leica V-Lux 4 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8) × 5.62 = f15.7

Canon EOS 60D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon EOS 60D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon EOS 60D is 1.61


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