Nikon D1 vs. Nikon D7100

Comparison

D1 image
vs.
D7100 image

Comparison

Nikon D1 Nikon D7100
Megapixels
2.60 24.10
Max. resolution
2000 x 1312 6000 x 4000
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD CMOS
Sensor size
23.7 x 15.5 mm 23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
1995 x 1304  6032 x 3995 
Diagonal
28.32 mm  28.21 mm 
Surface area
367.35 mm²  366.60 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Nikon D1
vs.
Nikon D7100
 
Surface area:
Nikon D1
Nikon D7100
Difference: 0.75 mm² (0.2%)
Nikon D1 has approx. 0.2% more surface area than Nikon D7100.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 14 years between Nikon D1 (1999) and Nikon D7100 (2013). Fourteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
11.88 µm  3.9 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Nikon D1
Nikon D7100
Difference: 7.98 µm (205%)
Pixel pitch of Nikon D1 is approx. 205% higher than pixel pitch of Nikon D7100.
Pixel area
141.13 µm²  15.21 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Nikon D1
vs.
Nikon D7100
Pixel area difference: 125.92 µm² (828%)
A pixel on Nikon D1 sensor is approx. 828% bigger than a pixel on Nikon D7100.
Pixel density
0.71 MP/cm²  6.59 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Nikon D1
Nikon D7100
Difference: 5.88 MP/cm² (828%)
Nikon D7100 has approx. 828% higher pixel density than Nikon D1.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
1.53  1.53 
Total megapixels
2.74 24.71
Effective megapixels
2.60 24.10
Optical zoom
n/a n/a
Digital zoom
No n/a
Iso
200, 400, 800, 1600 Auto, 100 - 6400, Hi-1 (ISO 12800), Hi-2 (ISO 25600)
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
n/a n/a
Macro focus range
n/a n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
n/a n/a
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
n/a n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a  n/a 
Metering
3D Matrix, Centre weighted, Spot Matrix, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
-5EV - +5EV with 1/2 or 1/3EV st ±5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/16000 sec 1/8000 sec
Flash modes
Front curtain, Rear curtain, Red-Eye, Slow, Red-Eye Slow Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow sync, Rear curtain
Built-in flash
No Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Optical (pentaprism) Optical (pentaprism)
White balance presets
6 12
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
2" 3.2"
LCD resolution
114,000 1,228,800
Min. image resolution
n/a 2400 x 1344
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
CompactFlash type I, CompactFlash type II, Microdrive SD/SDHC/SDXC x 2
USB
USB 1.0 (1.5 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended) Lithium-Ion EN-EL15 rechargeable battery & charger
Weight
1200g 675 g
Dimensions
157x153x85 mm 135.5 x 106.5 x 76 mm
Year
1999 2013



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon D1 diagonal

w = 23.70 mm
h = 15.50 mm
Diagonal =  23.70² + 15.50²   = 28.32 mm

Nikon D7100 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Nikon D1 surface area

Width = 23.70 mm
Height = 15.50 mm

Surface area = 23.70 × 15.50 = 367.35 mm²

Nikon D7100 surface area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Nikon D1 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1995 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.70  × 1000  = 11.88 µm
1995

Nikon D7100 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6032 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.9 µm
6032


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Nikon D1 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 11.88 µm

Pixel area = 11.88² = 141.13 µm²

Nikon D7100 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.9 µm

Pixel area = 3.9² = 15.21 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Nikon D1 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1995 pixels
Sensor width = 2.37 cm

Pixel density = (1995 / 2.37)² / 1000000 = 0.71 MP/cm²

Nikon D7100 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6032 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6032 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.59 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Nikon D1 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor height = 15.50 mm
Effective megapixels = 2.60
r = 23.70/15.50 = 1.53
X =  2.60 × 1000000  = 1304
1.53
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1304 × 1.53 = 1995
Resolution vertical: X = 1304

Sensor resolution = 1995 x 1304

Nikon D7100 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.10
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.10 × 1000000  = 3995
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3995 × 1.51 = 6032
Resolution vertical: X = 3995

Sensor resolution = 6032 x 3995


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Nikon D1 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.32 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.32

Nikon D7100 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Nikon D1 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D1, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D1 is 1.53

Nikon D7100 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D7100, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D7100 is 1.53


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