Nikon D5100 vs. Nikon D60

Comparison

D5100 image
vs.
D60 image

 

Nikon D5100 Nikon D60
Megapixels
16.20 10.20
Max. resolution
4928 x 3264 3872 x 2592
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS CCD
Sensor size
23.6 x 15.6 mm 23.6 x 15.8 mm
Sensor resolution
4945 x 3275  3898 x 2616 
Diagonal
28.29 mm  28.40 mm 
Surface area
368.16 mm²  372.88 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Nikon D5100
vs.
Nikon D60
 
Surface area:
Nikon D5100
Nikon D60
Difference: 4.72 mm² (1%)
Nikon D60 has approx. 1% more surface area than Nikon D5100.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 3 year gap between Nikon D5100 (2011) and Nikon D60 (2008). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
4.77 µm  6.05 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Nikon D5100
Nikon D60
Difference: 1.28 µm (27%)
Pixel pitch of Nikon D60 is approx. 27% higher than pixel pitch of Nikon D5100.
Pixel area
22.75 µm²  36.6 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Nikon D5100
vs.
Nikon D60
Pixel area difference: 13.85 µm² (61%)
A pixel on Nikon D60 sensor is approx. 61% bigger than a pixel on Nikon D5100.
Pixel density
4.39 MP/cm²  2.73 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Nikon D5100
Nikon D60
Difference: 1.66 MP/cm² (61%)
Nikon D5100 has approx. 61% higher pixel density than Nikon D60.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
1.53  1.52 
Total megapixels
16.90 10.75
Effective megapixels
16.20 10.20
Optical zoom
n/a n/a
Digital zoom
No No
Iso
Auto, 100- 6400 (plus 12800, 25600 with boost) Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, (plus 3200 with boost)
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
n/a n/a
Macro focus range
n/a n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
n/a n/a
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
n/a n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a  n/a 
Metering
Centre weighted, Matrix, Spot 3D Matrix metering II, Centre weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
-5EV - +5EV with 1/2 or 1/3EV st -5EV - +5EV with 1/3 step
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec 1/4000 sec
Flash modes
Anti red-eye, Auto, Fill in, Off, Rear curtin, Slow flash Anti red-eye, Auto, Fill in, Front curtin, Off, Rear curtin, Slow flash
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Optical (pentamirror) Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
12 5
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
3 2.5"
LCD resolution
921,000 230,000
Min. image resolution
640 x 480 1936 x 1296
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Lithium-Ion EN-EL14 rechargeable battery & charger Lithium-Ion (EN-EL11) & charger
Weight
560 g 522 g
Dimensions
128 x 97 x 79 mm 126x94x64 mm
Year
2011 2008



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon D5100 diagonal

w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.60² + 15.60²   = 28.29 mm

Nikon D60 diagonal

w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.80 mm
Diagonal =  23.60² + 15.80²   = 28.40 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Nikon D5100 surface area

Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.60 × 15.60 = 368.16 mm²

Nikon D60 surface area

Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.80 mm

Surface area = 23.60 × 15.80 = 372.88 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Nikon D5100 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4945 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.60  × 1000  = 4.77 µm
4945

Nikon D60 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3898 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.60  × 1000  = 6.05 µm
3898


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Nikon D5100 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.77 µm

Pixel area = 4.77² = 22.75 µm²

Nikon D60 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 6.05 µm

Pixel area = 6.05² = 36.6 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Nikon D5100 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4945 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm

Pixel density = (4945 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 4.39 MP/cm²

Nikon D60 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3898 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm

Pixel density = (3898 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 2.73 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Nikon D5100 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.20
r = 23.60/15.60 = 1.51
X =  16.20 × 1000000  = 3275
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3275 × 1.51 = 4945
Resolution vertical: X = 3275

Sensor resolution = 4945 x 3275

Nikon D60 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.20
r = 23.60/15.80 = 1.49
X =  10.20 × 1000000  = 2616
1.49
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2616 × 1.49 = 3898
Resolution vertical: X = 2616

Sensor resolution = 3898 x 2616


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Nikon D5100 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.29 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.29

Nikon D60 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.40 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.52
28.40

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Nikon D5100 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D5100, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D5100 is 1.53

Nikon D60 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D60, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D60 is 1.52


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