Nikon D80 vs. Nikon D600

Comparison

D80 image
vs.
D600 image

Comparison

Nikon D80 Nikon D600
Megapixels
10.20 24.30
Max. resolution
3872 x 2592 6016 x 4016
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD CMOS
Sensor size
23.6 x 15.8 mm 35.9 x 24 mm
Sensor resolution
3898 x 2616  6038 x 4025 
Diagonal
28.40 mm  43.18 mm 
Surface area
372.88 mm²  861.60 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Nikon D80
vs.
Nikon D600
 
Surface area:
Nikon D80
Nikon D600
Difference: 488.72 mm² (131%)
Nikon D600 has approx. 131% more surface area than Nikon D80.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 6 years between Nikon D80 (2006) and Nikon D600 (2012). Six years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
6.05 µm  5.95 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Nikon D80
Nikon D600
Difference: 0.1 µm (2%)
Pixel pitch of Nikon D80 is approx. 2% higher than pixel pitch of Nikon D600.
Pixel area
36.6 µm²  35.4 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Nikon D80
vs.
Nikon D600
Pixel area difference: 1.2 µm² (3%)
A pixel on Nikon D80 sensor is approx. 3% bigger than a pixel on Nikon D600.
Pixel density
2.73 MP/cm²  2.83 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Nikon D80
Nikon D600
Difference: 0.1 MP/cm² (4%)
Nikon D600 has approx. 4% higher pixel density than Nikon D80.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
1.52 
Total megapixels
10.75 24.70
Effective megapixels
10.20 24.30
Optical zoom
n/a n/a
Digital zoom
No No
Iso
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 100 - 6400 in 1, 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps (50 - 25600 with boost)
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
n/a n/a
Macro focus range
n/a n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
n/a n/a
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
n/a n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a  n/a 
Metering
3D Matrix, Centre weighted, Spot Multi, Center-weighted, Average, Spot
Exposure compensation
-5EV - +5EV with 1/2 or 1/3EV st ±5 EV (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec 1/4000 sec
Flash modes
Anti red-eye, Auto, Fill in, Off, Rear curtin, Slow flash Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow sync, Rear curtain
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Optical (pentaprism) Optical
White balance presets
6 12
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
2.5" 3.2"
LCD resolution
230,000 921,000
Min. image resolution
1936 x 1296 2944 x 1968
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
Secure Digital SD,SDHC,SDXC x 2 slots
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Nikon EN-EL3e Lithium-Ion battery Lithium-Ion EN-EL15 rechargeable battery & charger
Weight
668 g 760g
Dimensions
132x103x77 mm 141x113x82 mm
Year
2006 2012



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon D80 diagonal

w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.80 mm
Diagonal =  23.60² + 15.80²   = 28.40 mm

Nikon D600 diagonal

w = 35.90 mm
h = 24.00 mm
Diagonal =  35.90² + 24.00²   = 43.18 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Nikon D80 surface area

Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.80 mm

Surface area = 23.60 × 15.80 = 372.88 mm²

Nikon D600 surface area

Width = 35.90 mm
Height = 24.00 mm

Surface area = 35.90 × 24.00 = 861.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Nikon D80 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3898 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.60  × 1000  = 6.05 µm
3898

Nikon D600 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 35.90 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6038 pixels
Pixel pitch =   35.90  × 1000  = 5.95 µm
6038


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Nikon D80 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 6.05 µm

Pixel area = 6.05² = 36.6 µm²

Nikon D600 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.95 µm

Pixel area = 5.95² = 35.4 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Nikon D80 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3898 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm

Pixel density = (3898 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 2.73 MP/cm²

Nikon D600 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6038 pixels
Sensor width = 3.59 cm

Pixel density = (6038 / 3.59)² / 1000000 = 2.83 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Nikon D80 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.20
r = 23.60/15.80 = 1.49
X =  10.20 × 1000000  = 2616
1.49
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2616 × 1.49 = 3898
Resolution vertical: X = 2616

Sensor resolution = 3898 x 2616

Nikon D600 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 35.90 mm
Sensor height = 24.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.30
r = 35.90/24.00 = 1.5
X =  24.30 × 1000000  = 4025
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4025 × 1.5 = 6038
Resolution vertical: X = 4025

Sensor resolution = 6038 x 4025


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Nikon D80 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.40 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.52
28.40

Nikon D600 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.18 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.18

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Nikon D80 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D80, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D80 is 1.52

Nikon D600 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D600, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Nikon D600 is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.


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