Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 vs. Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60

Comparison

Lumix DMC-FZ50 image
vs.
Lumix DMC-FZ60 image

 

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60
Megapixels
10.00 16.10
Max. resolution
3648 x 2736 4608 x 3456
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD CMOS
Sensor size
1/1.8" (~ 7.11 x 5.33 mm) 1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
Sensor resolution
3647 x 2742  4627 x 3479 
Diagonal
8.89 mm  7.60 mm 
Surface area
37.90 mm²  27.72 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50
vs.
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60
 
Surface area:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60
Difference: 10.18 mm² (37%)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 has approx. 37% more surface area than Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 6 years between Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 (2006) and Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 (2012). Six years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
1.95 µm  1.31 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60
Difference: 0.64 µm (49%)
Pixel pitch of Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 is approx. 49% higher than pixel pitch of Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60.
Pixel area
3.8 µm²  1.72 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50
vs.
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60
Pixel area difference: 2.08 µm² (121%)
A pixel on Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 sensor is approx. 121% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60.
Pixel density
26.31 MP/cm²  57.92 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60
Difference: 31.61 MP/cm² (120%)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 has approx. 120% higher pixel density than Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
4.87  5.69 
Total megapixels
10.40 17.50
Effective megapixels
10.00 16.10
Optical zoom
12x 24x
Digital zoom
Yes Yes
Iso
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, (3200 boost) Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, (6400 with boost)
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
30 cm n/a
Macro focus range
5 cm n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 420 mm 25 - 600 mm
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
f2.8 - f3.7 f2.8 - f5.2
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
f13.6 - f18  f15.9 - f29.6 
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (at 1/3 EV steps) ±3 EV (at 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec 4 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec 1/2000 sec
Flash modes
Auto, Red-Eye Auto, On, Red-Eye On, Red-Eye Slow Sync, Off, Slow Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow Sync
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Electronic Electronic
White balance presets
4 5
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
2" 3"
LCD resolution
207,000 460,000
Min. image resolution
1600 x1200 480 x 480
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
SD/MMC/SDHC card SD/SDHC/SDXC, Internal
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Lithium-Ion rechargeable Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery & charger
Weight
734g 493g
Dimensions
141x86x142 mm 120x81x92 mm
Year
2006 2012



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 diagonal

The diagonal of Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 image sensor is not 1/1.8 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.11 mm
h = 5.33 mm
Diagonal =  7.11² + 5.33²   = 8.89 mm

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 diagonal

The diagonal of Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 image sensor is not 1/2.33 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 surface area

Width = 7.11 mm
Height = 5.33 mm

Surface area = 7.11 × 5.33 = 37.90 mm²

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 surface area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3647 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.11  × 1000  = 1.95 µm
3647

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.31 µm
4627


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.95 µm

Pixel area = 1.95² = 3.8 µm²

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.31 µm

Pixel area = 1.31² = 1.72 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3647 pixels
Sensor width = 0.711 cm

Pixel density = (3647 / 0.711)² / 1000000 = 26.31 MP/cm²

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (4627 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 57.92 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor height = 5.33 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.00
r = 7.11/5.33 = 1.33
X =  10.00 × 1000000  = 2742
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2742 × 1.33 = 3647
Resolution vertical: X = 2742

Sensor resolution = 3647 x 2742

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  16.10 × 1000000  = 3479
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3479 × 1.33 = 4627
Resolution vertical: X = 3479

Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.89 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.87
8.89

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ50 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.87
Aperture = f2.8 - f3.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f3.7) × 4.87 = f13.6 - f18

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ60 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.2

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.2) × 5.69 = f15.9 - f29.6


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