Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 vs. Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D

Comparison

Lumix DMC-GH3 image
vs.
EOS Rebel T4i / 650D image

 

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D
Megapixels
16.05 18.00
Max. resolution
4608 x 3456 5184 x 3456
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS CMOS
Sensor size
Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm) 22.3 x 14.9 mm
Sensor resolution
4620 x 3474  5196 x 3464 
Diagonal
21.64 mm  26.82 mm 
Surface area
224.90 mm²  332.27 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3
vs.
Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D
 
Surface area:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3
Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D
Difference: 107.37 mm² (48%)
Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D has approx. 48% more surface area than Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3.
Pixel pitch
3.74 µm  4.29 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3
Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D
Difference: 0.55 µm (15%)
Pixel pitch of Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D is approx. 15% higher than pixel pitch of Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3.
Pixel area
13.99 µm²  18.4 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3
vs.
Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D
Pixel area difference: 4.41 µm² (32%)
A pixel on Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D sensor is approx. 32% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3.
Pixel density
7.13 MP/cm²  5.43 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3
Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D
Difference: 1.7 MP/cm² (31%)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 has approx. 31% higher pixel density than Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
1.61 
Total megapixels
17.20 18.50
Effective megapixels
16.05 18.00
Optical zoom
n/a n/a
Digital zoom
Yes No
Iso
Auto, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800 Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800 (25600 with boost)
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
n/a n/a
Macro focus range
n/a n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
n/a n/a
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
n/a n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a  n/a 
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot Multi, Center-weighted, Spot, Partial
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (at 1/3 EV steps) ±5 EV (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec 1/4000 sec
Flash modes
Auto, On, Off, Red-Eye, Slow Sync Auto, On, Off, Red-eye
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Electronic Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
5 6
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
3" 3"
LCD resolution
614,000 1,040,000
Min. image resolution
1712 x 1712 480 x 480
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery & charger Lithium-Ion LP-E8 rechargeable battery & charger
Weight
550g 575 g
Dimensions
132.9 x 93.4 x 82.0 mm 133 x 100 x 79 mm
Year
2012 2012



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 diagonal

w = 17.30 mm
h = 13.00 mm
Diagonal =  17.30² + 13.00²   = 21.64 mm

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 surface area

Width = 17.30 mm
Height = 13.00 mm

Surface area = 17.30 × 13.00 = 224.90 mm²

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D surface area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 17.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4620 pixels
Pixel pitch =   17.30  × 1000  = 3.74 µm
4620

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 4.29 µm
5196


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.74 µm

Pixel area = 3.74² = 13.99 µm²

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.29 µm

Pixel area = 4.29² = 18.4 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4620 pixels
Sensor width = 1.73 cm

Pixel density = (4620 / 1.73)² / 1000000 = 7.13 MP/cm²

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (5196 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 5.43 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 17.30 mm
Sensor height = 13.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.05
r = 17.30/13.00 = 1.33
X =  16.05 × 1000000  = 3474
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3474 × 1.33 = 4620
Resolution vertical: X = 3474

Sensor resolution = 4620 x 3474

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.00
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  18.00 × 1000000  = 3464
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3464 × 1.5 = 5196
Resolution vertical: X = 3464

Sensor resolution = 5196 x 3464


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 21.64 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 2
21.64

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 is 2

Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon EOS Rebel T4i / 650D is 1.61


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