Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 vs. Nikon D700

Comparison

Lumix DMC-LC1 image
vs.
D700 image

 

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 Nikon D700
Megapixels
4.90 12.10
Max. resolution
2560 x 1920 4256 x 2832
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD CMOS
Sensor size
2/3" (~ 8.8 x 6.6 mm) 36 x 23.9 mm
Sensor resolution
2552 x 1919  4275 x 2831 
Diagonal
11.00 mm  43.21 mm 
Surface area
58.08 mm²  860.40 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1
vs.
Nikon D700
 
Surface area:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1
Nikon D700
Difference: 802.32 mm² (1381%)
Nikon D700 has approx. 1381% more surface area than Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 4 year gap between Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 (2004) and Nikon D700 (2008). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.45 µm  8.42 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1
Nikon D700
Difference: 4.97 µm (144%)
Pixel pitch of Nikon D700 is approx. 144% higher than pixel pitch of Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1.
Pixel area
11.9 µm²  70.9 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1
vs.
Nikon D700
Pixel area difference: 59 µm² (496%)
A pixel on Nikon D700 sensor is approx. 496% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1.
Pixel density
8.41 MP/cm²  1.41 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1
Nikon D700
Difference: 7 MP/cm² (496%)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 has approx. 496% higher pixel density than Nikon D700.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
3.93 
Total megapixels
5.20 12.87
Effective megapixels
4.90 12.10
Optical zoom
3.2x n/a
Digital zoom
Yes No
Iso
100, 200, 400 Auto, 100 - 25600
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
60 cm n/a
Macro focus range
30 cm n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28 - 90 mm n/a
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
f2.0 - f2.4 n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
f7.9 - f9.4  n/a 
Metering
Centre weighted, Matrix, Spot 3D Matrix metering II, Centre weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
-2EV - +2EV with 1/3EV steps -5EV - +5EV with 1, 1/2 or 1/3 s
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
8 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec 1/8000 sec
Flash modes
Anti red-eye, Auto, Fill in, Off, Rear curtin, Slow flash Anti red-eye, Auto, Fill in, Front curtin, Off, Rear curtin, Slow flash
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Electronic Optical (pentaprism)
White balance presets
7 12
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
2.5" 3"
LCD resolution
211,000 920,000
Min. image resolution
640 x 480 2128 x 2416
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
MultiMedia, Secure Digital CompactFlash type I, CompactFlash type II, Microdrive
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Lithium-Ion 1400 mAh supplied Lithium-Ion EN-EL3e rechargeable battery & charger
Weight
702g 1074 g
Dimensions
135x82x102 mm 147 x 123 x 77 mm
Year
2004 2008



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 diagonal

The diagonal of Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 image sensor is not 2/3 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 8.80 mm
h = 6.60 mm
Diagonal =  8.80² + 6.60²   = 11.00 mm

Nikon D700 diagonal

w = 36.00 mm
h = 23.90 mm
Diagonal =  36.00² + 23.90²   = 43.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 surface area

Width = 8.80 mm
Height = 6.60 mm

Surface area = 8.80 × 6.60 = 58.08 mm²

Nikon D700 surface area

Width = 36.00 mm
Height = 23.90 mm

Surface area = 36.00 × 23.90 = 860.40 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 8.80 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2552 pixels
Pixel pitch =   8.80  × 1000  = 3.45 µm
2552

Nikon D700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4275 pixels
Pixel pitch =   36.00  × 1000  = 8.42 µm
4275


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.45 µm

Pixel area = 3.45² = 11.9 µm²

Nikon D700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 8.42 µm

Pixel area = 8.42² = 70.9 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2552 pixels
Sensor width = 0.88 cm

Pixel density = (2552 / 0.88)² / 1000000 = 8.41 MP/cm²

Nikon D700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4275 pixels
Sensor width = 3.6 cm

Pixel density = (4275 / 3.6)² / 1000000 = 1.41 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 8.80 mm
Sensor height = 6.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 4.90
r = 8.80/6.60 = 1.33
X =  4.90 × 1000000  = 1919
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1919 × 1.33 = 2552
Resolution vertical: X = 1919

Sensor resolution = 2552 x 1919

Nikon D700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor height = 23.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 36.00/23.90 = 1.51
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 2831
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2831 × 1.51 = 4275
Resolution vertical: X = 2831

Sensor resolution = 4275 x 2831


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 11.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 3.93
11.00

Nikon D700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Panasonic Lumix DMC-LC1 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 3.93
Aperture = f2.0 - f2.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.0 - f2.4) × 3.93 = f7.9 - f9.4

Nikon D700 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D700, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Nikon D700 is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.


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