Pentax Optio WG-3 vs. Pentax Optio WG-10

Comparison

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Optio WG-3 image
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Optio WG-10 image
Pentax Optio WG-3 Pentax Optio WG-10
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Megapixels
16.00
14.00
Max. image resolution
4608 x 3456
4288 x 3216

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
4612 x 3468
4315 x 3244
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Pentax Optio WG-3 Pentax Optio WG-10
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
WG-3 and WG-10 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
1.34 µm
1.43 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.09 µm (7%)
Pixel pitch of WG-10 is approx. 7% higher than pixel pitch of WG-3.
Pixel area
1.8 µm²
2.04 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.24 µm² (13%)
A pixel on Pentax WG-10 sensor is approx. 13% bigger than a pixel on Pentax WG-3.
Pixel density
56.06 MP/cm²
49.07 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 6.99 µm (14%)
Pentax WG-3 has approx. 14% higher pixel density than Pentax WG-10.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Specs

Pentax WG-3
Pentax WG-10
Crop factor
5.62
5.62
Total megapixels
16.79
14.48
Effective megapixels
16.00
14.00
Optical zoom
4x
5x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto 125-6400, 125, 200, 400,800, 1600, 3200, 6400
Auto 125-6400, 125, 200, 400,800, 1600, 3200, 6400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
40 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
25 - 100 mm
28 - 140 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2 - f4.9
f3.5 - f5.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f11.2 - f27.5
f19.7 - f30.9
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
4 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec
1/5000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
4
4
Screen size
3"
2.7"
Screen resolution
460,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion D-LI92 rechargeable battery
Lithium-Ion D-LI92 rechargeable battery
Weight
230 g
167 g
Dimensions
125 x 64 x 33 mm
114 x 59 x 28 mm
Year
2013
2013



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Pentax WG-3 diagonal

The diagonal of WG-3 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Pentax WG-10 diagonal

The diagonal of WG-10 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

WG-3 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

WG-10 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

WG-3 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.34 µm
4612

WG-10 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4315 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.43 µm
4315


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

WG-3 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.34 µm

Pixel area = 1.34² = 1.8 µm²

WG-10 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.43 µm

Pixel area = 1.43² = 2.04 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

WG-3 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4612 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.06 MP/cm²

WG-10 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4315 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4315 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 49.07 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

WG-3 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.00
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.00 × 1000000  = 3468
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3468 × 1.33 = 4612
Resolution vertical: X = 3468

Sensor resolution = 4612 x 3468

WG-10 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 14.00
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  14.00 × 1000000  = 3244
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3244 × 1.33 = 4315
Resolution vertical: X = 3244

Sensor resolution = 4315 x 3244


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


WG-3 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

WG-10 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

WG-3 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2 - f4.9) × 5.62 = f11.2 - f27.5

WG-10 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.5 - f5.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f5.5) × 5.62 = f19.7 - f30.9

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