Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 vs. Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR

Comparison

Cybershot DSC-HX300 image
vs.
FinePix HS50 EXR image

Comparison

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR
Megapixels
20.40 16.00
Max. resolution
5184 x 3888 4608 x 3456
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
Exmor R CMOS EXR CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm) 1/2" (~ 6.4 x 4.8 mm)
Sensor resolution
5208 x 3916  4612 x 3468 
Diagonal
7.70 mm  8.00 mm 
Surface area
28.46 mm²  30.72 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300
vs.
Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR
 
Surface area:
Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300
Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR
Difference: 2.26 mm² (8%)
Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR has approx. 8% more surface area than Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300.
Pixel pitch
1.18 µm  1.39 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300
Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR
Difference: 0.21 µm (18%)
Pixel pitch of Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR is approx. 18% higher than pixel pitch of Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300.
Pixel area
1.39 µm²  1.93 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300
vs.
Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR
Pixel area difference: 0.54 µm² (39%)
A pixel on Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR sensor is approx. 39% bigger than a pixel on Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300.
Pixel density
71.48 MP/cm²  51.93 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300
Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR
Difference: 19.55 MP/cm² (38%)
Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 has approx. 38% higher pixel density than Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
5.62  5.41 
Total megapixels
21.10 n/a
Effective megapixels
20.40 16.00
Optical zoom
50x 42x
Digital zoom
Yes Yes
Iso
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 (6400, 12800) Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800
Auto focus
Yes Yes
Manual focus
Yes Yes
Normal focus range
n/a 45 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm 1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
24 – 1200 mm 24 - 1000 mm
Aperture priority
Yes Yes
Aperture
f2.8 - f6.3 f2.8 - f5.6
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
f15.7 - f35.4  f15.1 - f30.3 
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot Multi, Average, Spot
Exposure compensation
-2EV - +2EV with 1/3EV steps -2.0EV - +2.0EV 1/3EV step
Shutter priority
Yes Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec 30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec 1/4000 sec
Flash modes
Auto, On, Slow Synchro, Rear Slow Synchro, Off, Advanced Flash Auto, Forced Flash, Suppressed Flash, Slow Synchro
Built-in flash
Yes Yes
External flash
n/a Yes
Viewfinder
Electronic Electronic
White balance presets
7 7
LCD display
Yes Yes
LCD size
3" 3"
LCD resolution
921,600 920,000
Min. image resolution
640 x 480 1920 x 1080
Selftimer
Yes Yes
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Memory Stick Duo/Pro Duo/Pro-HG Duo/XC-HG Duo SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Batteries
Rechargeable Battery Pack NP-BX1 Li-ion battery NP-W126
Weight
650 g 808 g
Dimensions
129.6 x 93.2 x 103.2 mm 134.9 x 101.3 x 145.9 mm
Year
2013 2013



Compare other cameras

Popular comparisons:

Choose other cameras to compare:



comments powered by Disqus

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 diagonal

The diagonal of Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 image sensor is not 1/2.3 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR diagonal

The diagonal of Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR image sensor is not 1/2 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.40 mm
h = 4.80 mm
Diagonal =  6.40² + 4.80²   = 8.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 surface area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR surface area

Width = 6.40 mm
Height = 4.80 mm

Surface area = 6.40 × 4.80 = 30.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5208 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.18 µm
5208

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.40  × 1000  = 1.39 µm
4612


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.18 µm

Pixel area = 1.18² = 1.39 µm²

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.39 µm

Pixel area = 1.39² = 1.93 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5208 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5208 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 71.48 MP/cm²

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Sensor width = 0.64 cm

Pixel density = (4612 / 0.64)² / 1000000 = 51.93 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.40
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.40 × 1000000  = 3916
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3916 × 1.33 = 5208
Resolution vertical: X = 3916

Sensor resolution = 5208 x 3916

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor height = 4.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.00
r = 6.40/4.80 = 1.33
X =  16.00 × 1000000  = 3468
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3468 × 1.33 = 4612
Resolution vertical: X = 3468

Sensor resolution = 4612 x 3468


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.41
8.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Sony Cybershot DSC-HX300 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.8 - f6.3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f6.3) × 5.62 = f15.7 - f35.4

Fujifilm FinePix HS50 EXR equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.41
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.6

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.6) × 5.41 = f15.1 - f30.3


All trademarks and product names are property of their respective owners. User comments are not the responsibility of digicamdb.com.