Canon IXY DIGITAL 50 vs. Canon EOS 2000D

Comparison

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IXY DIGITAL 50 image
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EOS 2000D image
Canon IXY DIGITAL 50 Canon EOS 2000D
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Megapixels
3.90
24.10
Max. image resolution
2272 x 1704
6000 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
22.3 x 14.9 mm
Sensor resolution
2277 x 1712
6012 x 4008
Diagonal
7.19 mm
26.82 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 13.38
(ratio)
Canon IXY DIGITAL 50 Canon EOS 2000D
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 332.27 mm²
Difference: 307.43 mm² (1238%)
2000D sensor is approx. 13.38x bigger than IXY DIGITAL 50 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 14 years between Canon IXY DIGITAL 50 (2004) and Canon 2000D (2018). Fourteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
2.53 µm
3.71 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.18 µm (47%)
Pixel pitch of 2000D is approx. 47% higher than pixel pitch of IXY DIGITAL 50.
Pixel area
6.4 µm²
13.76 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 7.36 µm² (115%)
A pixel on Canon 2000D sensor is approx. 115% bigger than a pixel on Canon IXY DIGITAL 50.
Pixel density
15.68 MP/cm²
7.27 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 8.41 µm (116%)
Canon IXY DIGITAL 50 has approx. 116% higher pixel density than Canon 2000D.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon IXY DIGITAL 50
Canon 2000D
Crop factor
6.02
1.61
Total megapixels
4.10
24.70
Effective megapixels
3.90
24.10
Optical zoom
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
Auto, 100-6400 (extends to 12800)
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 105 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f4.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9 - f29.5
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Partial
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1500 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
2"
3"
Screen resolution
118,000 dots
921,600 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p/25p/24p)
Storage types
SD card
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 1.0
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion NB-4L battery
Lithium-Ion LP-E10 rechargeable battery
Weight
147 g
475 g
Dimensions
86 x 54 x 21 mm
129 x 101.3 x 77.6 mm
Year
2004
2018




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon IXY DIGITAL 50 diagonal

The diagonal of IXY DIGITAL 50 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Canon 2000D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

IXY DIGITAL 50 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

2000D sensor area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

IXY DIGITAL 50 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2277 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.53 µm
2277

2000D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6012 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 3.71 µm
6012


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

IXY DIGITAL 50 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.53 µm

Pixel area = 2.53² = 6.4 µm²

2000D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.71 µm

Pixel area = 3.71² = 13.76 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

IXY DIGITAL 50 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2277 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2277 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 15.68 MP/cm²

2000D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6012 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (6012 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 7.27 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

IXY DIGITAL 50 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.90
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  3.90 × 1000000  = 1712
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1712 × 1.33 = 2277
Resolution vertical: X = 1712

Sensor resolution = 2277 x 1712

2000D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.10
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  24.10 × 1000000  = 4008
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4008 × 1.5 = 6012
Resolution vertical: X = 4008

Sensor resolution = 6012 x 4008


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


IXY DIGITAL 50 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

2000D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

IXY DIGITAL 50 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.9) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f29.5

2000D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 2000D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon 2000D is 1.61

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