Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS vs. Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX5

Comparison

change cameras »
IXY DIGITAL 510 IS image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-HX5 image
Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX5
check price » check price »
Megapixels
12.10
10.60
Max. image resolution
4000 x 3000
3648 x 2736

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.4" (~ 5.90 x 4.43 mm)
Sensor resolution
4011 x 3016
3755 x 2823
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.38 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.09 : 1
(ratio)
Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX5
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 26.14 mm²
Difference: 2.32 mm² (9%)
IXY DIGITAL 510 IS sensor is approx. 1.09x bigger than HX5 sensor.
Pixel pitch
1.54 µm
1.57 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.03 µm (2%)
Pixel pitch of HX5 is approx. 2% higher than pixel pitch of IXY DIGITAL 510 IS.
Pixel area
2.37 µm²
2.46 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.09 µm² (4%)
A pixel on Sony HX5 sensor is approx. 4% bigger than a pixel on Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS.
Pixel density
42.4 MP/cm²
40.51 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.89 µm (5%)
Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS has approx. 5% higher pixel density than Sony HX5.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS
Sony HX5
Crop factor
5.62
5.86
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
12.10
Optical zoom
4x
10x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80 ,100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
Auto, 80, 125, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
5 cm
Macro focus range
2 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28 - 112 mm
25 - 250 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f5.8
f3.5 - f5.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f15.7 - f32.6
f20.5 - f32.2
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-pattern, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1600 sec
1/1600 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
6
7
Screen size
2.8"
3"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
230,400 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/SDHC/MMC/MMCplus/HD /MMCplus
Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo, SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion NB-4L battery
Lithium-Ion NP-BG1 battery
Weight
145 g
170 g
Dimensions
98 x 54 x 22 mm
102.9 x 57.7 x 24.6 mm
Year
2009
2010




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon IXY DIGITAL 510 IS diagonal

The diagonal of IXY DIGITAL 510 IS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Sony HX5 diagonal

The diagonal of HX5 sensor is not 1/2.4 or 0.42" (10.6 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.38 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.90 mm
h = 4.43 mm
Diagonal =  5.90² + 4.43²   = 7.38 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

IXY DIGITAL 510 IS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

HX5 sensor area

Width = 5.90 mm
Height = 4.43 mm

Surface area = 5.90 × 4.43 = 26.14 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

IXY DIGITAL 510 IS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.54 µm
4011

HX5 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.90 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3755 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.90  × 1000  = 1.57 µm
3755


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

IXY DIGITAL 510 IS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.54 µm

Pixel area = 1.54² = 2.37 µm²

HX5 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.57 µm

Pixel area = 1.57² = 2.46 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

IXY DIGITAL 510 IS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4011 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 42.4 MP/cm²

HX5 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3755 pixels
Sensor width = 0.59 cm

Pixel density = (3755 / 0.59)² / 1000000 = 40.51 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

IXY DIGITAL 510 IS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 3016
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016

Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016

HX5 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.90 mm
Sensor height = 4.43 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.60
r = 5.90/4.43 = 1.33
X =  10.60 × 1000000  = 2823
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2823 × 1.33 = 3755
Resolution vertical: X = 2823

Sensor resolution = 3755 x 2823


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


IXY DIGITAL 510 IS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

HX5 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.38 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.86
7.38

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

IXY DIGITAL 510 IS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.8) × 5.62 = f15.7 - f32.6

HX5 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.86
Aperture = f3.5 - f5.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f5.5) × 5.86 = f20.5 - f32.2

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.