Canon PowerShot A1100 IS vs. Samsung EX2F

Comparison

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PowerShot A1100 IS image
vs
EX2F image
Canon PowerShot A1100 IS Samsung EX2F
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Megapixels
12.10
12.40
Max. image resolution
4000 x 3000

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/1.7" (~ 7.53 x 5.64 mm)
Sensor resolution
4011 x 3016
4076 x 3042
Diagonal
7.70 mm
9.41 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.49
(ratio)
Canon PowerShot A1100 IS Samsung EX2F
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 42.47 mm²
Difference: 14.01 mm² (49%)
EX2F sensor is approx. 1.49x bigger than A1100 IS sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 3 year gap between Canon A1100 IS (2009) and Samsung EX2F (2012). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.54 µm
1.85 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.31 µm (20%)
Pixel pitch of EX2F is approx. 20% higher than pixel pitch of A1100 IS.
Pixel area
2.37 µm²
3.42 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.05 µm² (44%)
A pixel on Samsung EX2F sensor is approx. 44% bigger than a pixel on Canon A1100 IS.
Pixel density
42.4 MP/cm²
29.3 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 13.1 µm (45%)
Canon A1100 IS has approx. 45% higher pixel density than Samsung EX2F.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon A1100 IS
Samsung EX2F
Crop factor
5.62
4.6
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
12.10
12.40
Optical zoom
4x
3.3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
46 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 140 mm
24 - 80 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.7 - f5.6
f1.4 - f2.7
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f15.2 - f31.5
f6.4 - f12.4
Metering
Centre weighted, Evaluative, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1600 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
Electronic (optional)
White balance presets
5
Screen size
2.5"
3"
Screen resolution
115,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
2 x AA Alkaline or NiMH Batteries (Alkalines supplied)
Lithium-Ion SLB-10A battery
Weight
155 g
294 g
Dimensions
95.4 x 62.4 x 31.0 mm
112 x 62 x 29 mm
Year
2009
2012




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon A1100 IS diagonal

The diagonal of A1100 IS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Samsung EX2F diagonal

The diagonal of EX2F sensor is not 1/1.7 or 0.59" (14.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 9.41 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.53 mm
h = 5.64 mm
Diagonal =  7.53² + 5.64²   = 9.41 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

A1100 IS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

EX2F sensor area

Width = 7.53 mm
Height = 5.64 mm

Surface area = 7.53 × 5.64 = 42.47 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

A1100 IS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.54 µm
4011

EX2F pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.53 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4076 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.53  × 1000  = 1.85 µm
4076


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

A1100 IS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.54 µm

Pixel area = 1.54² = 2.37 µm²

EX2F pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.85 µm

Pixel area = 1.85² = 3.42 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

A1100 IS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4011 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 42.4 MP/cm²

EX2F pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4076 pixels
Sensor width = 0.753 cm

Pixel density = (4076 / 0.753)² / 1000000 = 29.3 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

A1100 IS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 3016
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016

Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016

EX2F sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.53 mm
Sensor height = 5.64 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.40
r = 7.53/5.64 = 1.34
X =  12.40 × 1000000  = 3042
1.34
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3042 × 1.34 = 4076
Resolution vertical: X = 3042

Sensor resolution = 4076 x 3042


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


A1100 IS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

EX2F crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 9.41 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.6
9.41

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

A1100 IS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.7 - f5.6

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.7 - f5.6) × 5.62 = f15.2 - f31.5

EX2F equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.6
Aperture = f1.4 - f2.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f1.4 - f2.7) × 4.6 = f6.4 - f12.4

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