Canon PowerShot ELPH 360 HS vs. Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS

Comparison

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PowerShot ELPH 360 HS image
vs
IXY DIGITAL 810 IS image
Canon PowerShot ELPH 360 HS Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS
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Megapixels
20.20
8.00
Max. image resolution
5184 x 3888
3264 x 2448

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
5183 x 3897
3262 x 2453
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.15 : 1
(ratio)
Canon PowerShot ELPH 360 HS Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 3.62 mm² (15%)
ELPH 360 HS sensor is approx. 1.15x bigger than IXY DIGITAL 810 IS sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 9 years between Canon ELPH 360 HS (2016) and Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS (2007). Nine years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
1.19 µm
1.76 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.57 µm (48%)
Pixel pitch of IXY DIGITAL 810 IS is approx. 48% higher than pixel pitch of ELPH 360 HS.
Pixel area
1.42 µm²
3.1 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.68 µm² (118%)
A pixel on Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS sensor is approx. 118% bigger than a pixel on Canon ELPH 360 HS.
Pixel density
70.79 MP/cm²
32.18 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 38.61 µm (120%)
Canon ELPH 360 HS has approx. 120% higher pixel density than Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon ELPH 360 HS
Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS
Crop factor
5.62
6.02
Total megapixels
21.10
8.20
Effective megapixels
20.20
8.00
Optical zoom
12x
4x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80-3200
Auto, 80 ,100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
5 cm
45 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
2 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
25 - 300 mm
35 - 140 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.6 - f7
f2.8 - f5.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f20.2 - f39.3
f16.9 - f33.1
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1600 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
5
5
Screen size
3"
2.5"
Screen resolution
460,800 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/MMC card
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
NB-11LH lithium-ion battery
Lithium-Ion NB-5L battery
Weight
147 g
195 g
Dimensions
99.6 x 58 x 22.8 mm
90 x 57 x 26 mm
Year
2016
2007




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon ELPH 360 HS diagonal

The diagonal of ELPH 360 HS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Canon IXY DIGITAL 810 IS diagonal

The diagonal of IXY DIGITAL 810 IS sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

ELPH 360 HS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

ELPH 360 HS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.19 µm
5183

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3262 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 1.76 µm
3262


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

ELPH 360 HS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.19 µm

Pixel area = 1.19² = 1.42 µm²

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.76 µm

Pixel area = 1.76² = 3.1 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

ELPH 360 HS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5183 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 70.79 MP/cm²

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3262 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (3262 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 32.18 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

ELPH 360 HS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.20 × 1000000  = 3897
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3897 × 1.33 = 5183
Resolution vertical: X = 3897

Sensor resolution = 5183 x 3897

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 8.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  8.00 × 1000000  = 2453
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2453 × 1.33 = 3262
Resolution vertical: X = 2453

Sensor resolution = 3262 x 2453


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


ELPH 360 HS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

ELPH 360 HS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.6 - f7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.6 - f7) × 5.62 = f20.2 - f39.3

IXY DIGITAL 810 IS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.5) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f33.1

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