Canon PowerShot SD600 vs. Samsung TL210

Comparison

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PowerShot SD600 image
vs
TL210 image
Canon PowerShot SD600 Samsung TL210
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Megapixels
6.00
12.20
Max. image resolution
2816 x 2112
4000 x 3000

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
Sensor resolution
2825 x 2124
4029 x 3029
Diagonal
7.19 mm
7.60 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.12
(ratio)
Canon PowerShot SD600 Samsung TL210
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 27.72 mm²
Difference: 2.88 mm² (12%)
TL210 sensor is approx. 1.12x bigger than SD600 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 4 year gap between Canon SD600 (2006) and Samsung TL210 (2010). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
2.04 µm
1.51 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.53 µm (35%)
Pixel pitch of SD600 is approx. 35% higher than pixel pitch of TL210.
Pixel area
4.16 µm²
2.28 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.88 µm² (82%)
A pixel on Canon SD600 sensor is approx. 82% bigger than a pixel on Samsung TL210.
Pixel density
24.14 MP/cm²
43.91 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 19.77 µm (82%)
Samsung TL210 has approx. 82% higher pixel density than Canon SD600.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon SD600
Samsung TL210
Crop factor
6.02
5.69
Total megapixels
6.20
12.40
Effective megapixels
6.00
12.20
Optical zoom
3x
5x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80 ,100, 200, 400, 800
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
30 cm
80 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 105 mm
27 - 135 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f4.9
f3.5 - f5.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9 - f29.5
f19.9 - f33.6
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-segment, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
8 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1500 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
None
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
2.5"
3"
Screen resolution
173,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/MMC card
microSD, microSDHC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion NB-4L battery
Lithium-Ion SLB-07B rechargeable battery
Weight
170 g
177 g
Dimensions
86 x 54 x 22 mm
99.1 x 58.4 x 19.8 mm
Year
2006
2010




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon SD600 diagonal

The diagonal of SD600 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Samsung TL210 diagonal

The diagonal of TL210 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

SD600 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

TL210 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

SD600 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.04 µm
2825

TL210 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4029 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.51 µm
4029


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

SD600 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.04 µm

Pixel area = 2.04² = 4.16 µm²

TL210 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.51 µm

Pixel area = 1.51² = 2.28 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

SD600 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2825 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 24.14 MP/cm²

TL210 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4029 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (4029 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 43.91 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

SD600 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  6.00 × 1000000  = 2124
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2124 × 1.33 = 2825
Resolution vertical: X = 2124

Sensor resolution = 2825 x 2124

TL210 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.20
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  12.20 × 1000000  = 3029
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3029 × 1.33 = 4029
Resolution vertical: X = 3029

Sensor resolution = 4029 x 3029


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


SD600 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

TL210 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

SD600 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.9) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f29.5

TL210 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.5 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f5.9) × 5.69 = f19.9 - f33.6

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