Casio Exilim EX-Z90 vs. Olympus SP 700

Comparison

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Exilim EX-Z90 image
vs
SP 700 image
Casio Exilim EX-Z90 Olympus SP 700
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Megapixels
12.10
6.18
Max. image resolution
4000 x 3000
2816 x 2112

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
4011 x 3016
2867 x 2156
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.15 : 1
(ratio)
Casio Exilim EX-Z90 Olympus SP 700
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 3.62 mm² (15%)
Z90 sensor is approx. 1.15x bigger than SP 700 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 4 year gap between Casio Z90 (2009) and Olympus SP 700 (2005). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.54 µm
2.01 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.47 µm (31%)
Pixel pitch of SP 700 is approx. 31% higher than pixel pitch of Z90.
Pixel area
2.37 µm²
4.04 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.67 µm² (70%)
A pixel on Olympus SP 700 sensor is approx. 70% bigger than a pixel on Casio Z90.
Pixel density
42.4 MP/cm²
24.86 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 17.54 µm (71%)
Casio Z90 has approx. 71% higher pixel density than Olympus SP 700.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Casio Z90
Olympus SP 700
Crop factor
5.62
6.02
Total megapixels
12.70
Effective megapixels
12.10
Optical zoom
3x
Yes
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400, 800
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
10 cm
30 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 105 mm
38 - 114 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.1 - f5.9
f3.3 - f4
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f17.4 - f33.2
f19.9 - f24.1
Metering
Centre weighted, Multi-pattern, Spot
ESPi Digital
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
4 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
7
5
Screen size
2.7"
3"
Screen resolution
230,160 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
xD Picture card
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion NP-60 rechargeable battery
Li-Ion
Weight
102 g
140 g
Dimensions
89.7 x 51.6 x 19.3 mm
97.5 x 56.5 x 24.5 mm
Year
2009
2005




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Casio Z90 diagonal

The diagonal of Z90 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Olympus SP 700 diagonal

The diagonal of SP 700 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Z90 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

SP 700 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Z90 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.54 µm
4011

SP 700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2867 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.01 µm
2867


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Z90 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.54 µm

Pixel area = 1.54² = 2.37 µm²

SP 700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.01 µm

Pixel area = 2.01² = 4.04 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Z90 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4011 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 42.4 MP/cm²

SP 700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2867 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2867 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 24.86 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Z90 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 3016
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016

Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016

SP 700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.18
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  6.18 × 1000000  = 2156
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2156 × 1.33 = 2867
Resolution vertical: X = 2156

Sensor resolution = 2867 x 2156


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Z90 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

SP 700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Z90 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.1 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.1 - f5.9) × 5.62 = f17.4 - f33.2

SP 700 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.3 - f4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f4) × 6.02 = f19.9 - f24.1

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