Casio Exilim EX-ZS6 vs. Samsung ST72

Comparison

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Exilim EX-ZS6 image
vs
ST72 image
Casio Exilim EX-ZS6 Samsung ST72
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Megapixels
16.10
16.20
Max. image resolution
4608 x 3456
4608 x 3456

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
4627 x 3479
4642 x 3490
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Casio Exilim EX-ZS6 Samsung ST72
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
ZS6 and ST72 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
1.33 µm
1.33 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0 µm (0%)
ZS6 and ST72 have the same pixel pitch.
Pixel area
1.77 µm²
1.77 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0 µm² (0%)
Casio ZS6 and Samsung ST72 have the same pixel area.
Pixel density
56.42 MP/cm²
56.79 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 0.37 µm (0.7%)
Samsung ST72 has approx. 0.7% higher pixel density than Casio ZS6.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Casio ZS6
Samsung ST72
Crop factor
5.62
5.62
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
16.20
Optical zoom
12.5x
5x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
80 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
24 - 300 mm
25 - 125 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
No
Max. aperture
f3.0 - f5.9
f2.5 - f6.3
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9 - f33.2
f14.1 - f35.4
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
No
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
16 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
6
5
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
460,800 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
microSD/microSDHC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-ion NP-130 rechargeable battery
Rechargeable battery BP70A
Weight
205 g
114 g
Dimensions
105 x 59 x 29 mm
94 x 58 x 18 mm
Year
2012
2013




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Casio ZS6 diagonal

The diagonal of ZS6 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Samsung ST72 diagonal

The diagonal of ST72 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

ZS6 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

ST72 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

ZS6 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm
4627

ST72 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4642 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm
4642


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

ZS6 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm

Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²

ST72 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm

Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

ZS6 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4627 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.42 MP/cm²

ST72 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4642 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4642 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.79 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

ZS6 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.10 × 1000000  = 3479
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3479 × 1.33 = 4627
Resolution vertical: X = 3479

Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479

ST72 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.20 × 1000000  = 3490
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3490 × 1.33 = 4642
Resolution vertical: X = 3490

Sensor resolution = 4642 x 3490


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


ZS6 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

ST72 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

ZS6 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.0 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.0 - f5.9) × 5.62 = f16.9 - f33.2

ST72 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.5 - f6.3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.5 - f6.3) × 5.62 = f14.1 - f35.4

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