Fujifilm FinePix S5600 Zoom vs. Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H2

Comparison

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FinePix S5600 Zoom image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-H2 image
Fujifilm FinePix S5600 Zoom Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H2
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Megapixels
5.22
6.00
Max. image resolution
2592 x 1944
2592 x 1944

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
2635 x 1981
2825 x 2124
Diagonal
7.19 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Fujifilm FinePix S5600 Zoom Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H2
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
S5600 Zoom and H2 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
2.18 µm
2.04 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.14 µm (7%)
Pixel pitch of S5600 Zoom is approx. 7% higher than pixel pitch of H2.
Pixel area
4.75 µm²
4.16 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.59 µm² (14%)
A pixel on Fujifilm S5600 Zoom sensor is approx. 14% bigger than a pixel on Sony H2.
Pixel density
21 MP/cm²
24.14 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 3.14 µm (15%)
Sony H2 has approx. 15% higher pixel density than Fujifilm S5600 Zoom.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm S5600 Zoom
Sony H2
Crop factor
6.02
6.02
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
Optical zoom
Yes
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1000
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
90 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
2 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
38 - 380 mm
36 - 432 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f3.2 - f3.5
f2.8 - f8.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f19.3 - f21.1
f16.9 - f48.2
Metering
64-segment
Centre weighted, Multi-pattern, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Electronic
White balance presets
6
7
Screen size
1.8"
2.5"
Screen resolution
115,000 dots
115,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
xD Picture card
Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
4x AA
AA (2) batteries (NiMH rechargables included)
Weight
370 g
591 g
Dimensions
113 x 85 x 112 mm
107.8 x 81.4 x 91.2 mm
Year
2005
2006




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm S5600 Zoom diagonal

The diagonal of S5600 Zoom sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Sony H2 diagonal

The diagonal of H2 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

S5600 Zoom sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

H2 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

S5600 Zoom pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2635 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.18 µm
2635

H2 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.04 µm
2825


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

S5600 Zoom pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.18 µm

Pixel area = 2.18² = 4.75 µm²

H2 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.04 µm

Pixel area = 2.04² = 4.16 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

S5600 Zoom pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2635 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2635 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 21 MP/cm²

H2 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2825 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 24.14 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

S5600 Zoom sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.22
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  5.22 × 1000000  = 1981
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1981 × 1.33 = 2635
Resolution vertical: X = 1981

Sensor resolution = 2635 x 1981

H2 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  6.00 × 1000000  = 2124
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2124 × 1.33 = 2825
Resolution vertical: X = 2124

Sensor resolution = 2825 x 2124


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


S5600 Zoom crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

H2 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

S5600 Zoom equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.2 - f3.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.2 - f3.5) × 6.02 = f19.3 - f21.1

H2 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f8.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f8.0) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f48.2

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