Fujifilm X-E2S vs. Fujifilm X20

Comparison

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X-E2S image
vs
X20 image
Fujifilm X-E2S Fujifilm X20
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Megapixels
16.30
12.00
Max. image resolution
4896 x 3264
4000 x 3000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
23.6 x 15.6 mm
2/3" (~ 8.8 x 6.6 mm)
Sensor resolution
4962 x 3286
3995 x 3004
Diagonal
28.29 mm
11.00 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
6.34 : 1
(ratio)
Fujifilm X-E2S Fujifilm X20
Surface area:
368.16 mm² vs 58.08 mm²
Difference: 310.08 mm² (534%)
X-E2S sensor is approx. 6.34x bigger than X20 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 3 year gap between Fujifilm X-E2S (2016) and Fujifilm X20 (2013). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
4.76 µm
2.2 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.56 µm (116%)
Pixel pitch of X-E2S is approx. 116% higher than pixel pitch of X20.
Pixel area
22.66 µm²
4.84 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 17.82 µm² (368%)
A pixel on Fujifilm X-E2S sensor is approx. 368% bigger than a pixel on Fujifilm X20.
Pixel density
4.42 MP/cm²
20.61 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 16.19 µm (366%)
Fujifilm X20 has approx. 366% higher pixel density than Fujifilm X-E2S.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm X-E2S
Fujifilm X20
Crop factor
1.53
3.93
Total megapixels
16.70
Effective megapixels
16.30
12.00
Optical zoom
4x
Digital zoom
No
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 200-6400 (extendable to 100-51200)
Auto, 100, 200, 250, 320, 400, 500, 640, 800, 1000, 1250, 1600, 2000, 2500, 3200, 4000, 5000, 6400, 12800
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28 - 112 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.0 - f2.8
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
f7.9 - f11
Metering
Multi, Average, Spot
Multi, Average, Spot
Exposure compensation
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/32000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
7
7
Screen size
3"
2.8"
Screen resolution
1,040,000 dots
460,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
1920x1080 (60p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion NP-W126 battery
Lithium-Ion NP-50 rechargeable battery
Weight
350 g
353 g
Dimensions
129 x 74.9 x 37.2 mm
117 x 69.6 x 56.8 mm
Year
2016
2013




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm X-E2S diagonal

w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.60² + 15.60²   = 28.29 mm

Fujifilm X20 diagonal

The diagonal of X20 sensor is not 2/3 or 0.67" (16.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 11 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 8.80 mm
h = 6.60 mm
Diagonal =  8.80² + 6.60²   = 11.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

X-E2S sensor area

Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.60 × 15.60 = 368.16 mm²

X20 sensor area

Width = 8.80 mm
Height = 6.60 mm

Surface area = 8.80 × 6.60 = 58.08 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

X-E2S pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.60  × 1000  = 4.76 µm
4962

X20 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 8.80 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3995 pixels
Pixel pitch =   8.80  × 1000  = 2.2 µm
3995


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

X-E2S pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.76 µm

Pixel area = 4.76² = 22.66 µm²

X20 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.2 µm

Pixel area = 2.2² = 4.84 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

X-E2S pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm

Pixel density = (4962 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 4.42 MP/cm²

X20 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3995 pixels
Sensor width = 0.88 cm

Pixel density = (3995 / 0.88)² / 1000000 = 20.61 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

X-E2S sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.30
r = 23.60/15.60 = 1.51
X =  16.30 × 1000000  = 3286
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3286 × 1.51 = 4962
Resolution vertical: X = 3286

Sensor resolution = 4962 x 3286

X20 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 8.80 mm
Sensor height = 6.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.00
r = 8.80/6.60 = 1.33
X =  12.00 × 1000000  = 3004
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3004 × 1.33 = 3995
Resolution vertical: X = 3004

Sensor resolution = 3995 x 3004


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


X-E2S crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.29 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.29

X20 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 11.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 3.93
11.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

X-E2S equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Fujifilm X-E2S, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Fujifilm X-E2S is 1.53

X20 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 3.93
Aperture = f2.0 - f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.0 - f2.8) × 3.93 = f7.9 - f11

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