Fujifilm X100V vs. Canon EOS 4000D

Comparison

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X100V image
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EOS 4000D image
Fujifilm X100V Canon EOS 4000D
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Megapixels
26.10
18.00
Max. image resolution
6240 x 4160
5184 x 3456

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
23.5 x 15.6 mm
22.3 x 14.9 mm
Sensor resolution
6277 x 4157
5196 x 3464
Diagonal
28.21 mm
26.82 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.1 : 1
(ratio)
Fujifilm X100V Canon EOS 4000D
Surface area:
366.60 mm² vs 332.27 mm²
Difference: 34.33 mm² (10%)
X100V sensor is approx. 1.1x bigger than 4000D sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Fujifilm X100V (2020) and Canon 4000D (2018). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.74 µm
4.29 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.55 µm (15%)
Pixel pitch of 4000D is approx. 15% higher than pixel pitch of X100V.
Pixel area
13.99 µm²
18.4 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 4.41 µm² (32%)
A pixel on Canon 4000D sensor is approx. 32% bigger than a pixel on Fujifilm X100V.
Pixel density
7.13 MP/cm²
5.43 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.7 µm (31%)
Fujifilm X100V has approx. 31% higher pixel density than Canon 4000D.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Fujifilm X100V
Canon 4000D
Crop factor
1.53
1.61
Total megapixels
18.70
Effective megapixels
26.10
18.00
Optical zoom
1x
Digital zoom
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 160-12800 (expandable to 80-51200)
Auto, 100-6400 (extends to 12800)
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
80 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f3.1
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Average, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Partial
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/32000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic and Optical (tunnel)
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
7
6
Screen size
3"
2.7"
Screen resolution
1,620,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
4096x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
NP-W126S lithium-ion battery
Li-ion Battery LP-E10
Weight
478 g
436 g
Dimensions
128 x 74.8 x 53.3 mm
129 x 101.6 x 77.1 mm
Year
2020
2018




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Fujifilm X100V diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm

Canon 4000D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

X100V sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²

4000D sensor area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

X100V pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6277 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.74 µm
6277

4000D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 4.29 µm
5196


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

X100V pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.74 µm

Pixel area = 3.74² = 13.99 µm²

4000D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.29 µm

Pixel area = 4.29² = 18.4 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

X100V pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6277 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6277 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 7.13 MP/cm²

4000D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (5196 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 5.43 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

X100V sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 26.10
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  26.10 × 1000000  = 4157
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4157 × 1.51 = 6277
Resolution vertical: X = 4157

Sensor resolution = 6277 x 4157

4000D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.00
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  18.00 × 1000000  = 3464
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3464 × 1.5 = 5196
Resolution vertical: X = 3464

Sensor resolution = 5196 x 3464


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


X100V crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

4000D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

X100V equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 1.53
Aperture = f2.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.0) × 1.53 = f3.1

4000D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 4000D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon 4000D is 1.61

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