Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500 vs. Leica X-U (Typ 113)

Comparison

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DiMAGE E500 image
vs
X-U (Typ 113) image
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500 Leica X-U (Typ 113)
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Megapixels
5.20
16.20
Max. image resolution
2560 x 1920
4928 x 3264

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
23.6 x 15.7 mm
Sensor resolution
2629 x 1977
4929 x 3286
Diagonal
7.19 mm
28.35 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 14.92
(ratio)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500 Leica X-U (Typ 113)
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 370.52 mm²
Difference: 345.68 mm² (1392%)
X-U (Typ 113) sensor is approx. 14.92x bigger than DiMAGE E500 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 11 years between Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500 (2005) and Leica X-U (Typ 113) (2016). Eleven years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
2.19 µm
4.79 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.6 µm (119%)
Pixel pitch of X-U (Typ 113) is approx. 119% higher than pixel pitch of DiMAGE E500.
Pixel area
4.8 µm²
22.94 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 18.14 µm² (378%)
A pixel on Leica X-U (Typ 113) sensor is approx. 378% bigger than a pixel on Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500.
Pixel density
20.9 MP/cm²
4.36 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 16.54 µm (379%)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500 has approx. 379% higher pixel density than Leica X-U (Typ 113).
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500
Leica X-U (Typ 113)
Crop factor
6.02
1.53
Total megapixels
16.50
Effective megapixels
16.20
Optical zoom
1x
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 50, 100, 200
Auto, 100-12500
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
20 cm
Macro focus range
6 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
32 - 96 mm
35 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f4.8
f1.7
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9 - f28.9
f2.6
Metering
Centre weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
2 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
5
5
Screen size
2"
3"
Screen resolution
130,000 dots
920,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
2x AA
BP-DC8 lithium-ion battery
Weight
130 g
635 g
Dimensions
91 x 61 x 27 mm
140 x 79 x 88 mm
Year
2005
2016




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE E500 diagonal

The diagonal of DiMAGE E500 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Leica X-U (Typ 113) diagonal

w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.70 mm
Diagonal =  23.60² + 15.70²   = 28.35 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

DiMAGE E500 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

X-U (Typ 113) sensor area

Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.70 mm

Surface area = 23.60 × 15.70 = 370.52 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

DiMAGE E500 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2629 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.19 µm
2629

X-U (Typ 113) pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4929 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.60  × 1000  = 4.79 µm
4929


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

DiMAGE E500 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.19 µm

Pixel area = 2.19² = 4.8 µm²

X-U (Typ 113) pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.79 µm

Pixel area = 4.79² = 22.94 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

DiMAGE E500 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2629 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2629 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 20.9 MP/cm²

X-U (Typ 113) pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4929 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm

Pixel density = (4929 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 4.36 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

DiMAGE E500 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.20
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  5.20 × 1000000  = 1977
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1977 × 1.33 = 2629
Resolution vertical: X = 1977

Sensor resolution = 2629 x 1977

X-U (Typ 113) sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.70 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.20
r = 23.60/15.70 = 1.5
X =  16.20 × 1000000  = 3286
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3286 × 1.5 = 4929
Resolution vertical: X = 3286

Sensor resolution = 4929 x 3286


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


DiMAGE E500 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

X-U (Typ 113) crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.35 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.35

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

DiMAGE E500 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.8) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f28.9

X-U (Typ 113) equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 1.53
Aperture = f1.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f1.7) × 1.53 = f2.6

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