Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10 vs. Pentax Optio 50

Comparison

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DiMAGE Z10 image
vs
Optio 50 image
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10 Pentax Optio 50
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Megapixels
3.20
4.90
Max. image resolution
2048 x 1536
2560 x 1920

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
2063 x 1551
2552 x 1919
Diagonal
7.19 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10 Pentax Optio 50
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
DiMAGE Z10 and 50 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
2.79 µm
2.25 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.54 µm (24%)
Pixel pitch of DiMAGE Z10 is approx. 24% higher than pixel pitch of 50.
Pixel area
7.78 µm²
5.06 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 2.72 µm² (54%)
A pixel on Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10 sensor is approx. 54% bigger than a pixel on Pentax 50.
Pixel density
12.87 MP/cm²
19.7 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 6.83 µm (53%)
Pentax 50 has approx. 53% higher pixel density than Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10
Pentax 50
Crop factor
6.02
6.02
Total megapixels
5.20
Effective megapixels
4.90
Optical zoom
8.1x
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400
Auto, 50, 100, 200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
55 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
6 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
36 - 290 mm
32 - 96 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
No
Max. aperture
f3.2 - f3.4
f2.8 - f4.8
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f19.3 - f20.5
f16.9 - f28.9
Metering
256-segment Matrix, Centre weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
No
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
1/2 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
6
5
Screen size
1.5"
1.8"
Screen resolution
113,000 dots
130,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
Secure Digital
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
AA (2) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
410 g
130 g
Dimensions
109 x 82 x 94 mm
91 x 61 x 27 mm
Year
2004
2005




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z10 diagonal

The diagonal of DiMAGE Z10 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Pentax 50 diagonal

The diagonal of 50 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

DiMAGE Z10 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

50 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

DiMAGE Z10 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2063 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.79 µm
2063

50 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2552 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.25 µm
2552


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

DiMAGE Z10 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.79 µm

Pixel area = 2.79² = 7.78 µm²

50 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.25 µm

Pixel area = 2.25² = 5.06 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

DiMAGE Z10 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2063 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2063 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 12.87 MP/cm²

50 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2552 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2552 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 19.7 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

DiMAGE Z10 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.20
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  3.20 × 1000000  = 1551
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1551 × 1.33 = 2063
Resolution vertical: X = 1551

Sensor resolution = 2063 x 1551

50 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 4.90
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  4.90 × 1000000  = 1919
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1919 × 1.33 = 2552
Resolution vertical: X = 1919

Sensor resolution = 2552 x 1919


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


DiMAGE Z10 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

50 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

DiMAGE Z10 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f3.2 - f3.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.2 - f3.4) × 6.02 = f19.3 - f20.5

50 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.8) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f28.9

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