Leica M10-R vs. Canon EOS 1000D

Comparison

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M10-R image
vs
EOS 1000D image
Leica M10-R Canon EOS 1000D
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Megapixels
41.00
10.10
Max. image resolution
7864 x 5200
3888 x 2592

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
36 x 24 mm
22.2 x 14.8 mm
Sensor resolution
7842 x 5228
3893 x 2595
Diagonal
43.27 mm
26.68 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

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vs
2.63 : 1
(ratio)
Leica M10-R Canon EOS 1000D
Surface area:
864.00 mm² vs 328.56 mm²
Difference: 535.44 mm² (163%)
M10-R sensor is approx. 2.63x bigger than 1000D sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 12 years between Leica M10-R (2020) and Canon 1000D (2008). Twelve years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
4.59 µm
5.7 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.11 µm (24%)
Pixel pitch of 1000D is approx. 24% higher than pixel pitch of M10-R.
Pixel area
21.07 µm²
32.49 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 11.42 µm² (54%)
A pixel on Canon 1000D sensor is approx. 54% bigger than a pixel on Leica M10-R.
Pixel density
4.75 MP/cm²
3.08 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.67 µm (54%)
Leica M10-R has approx. 54% higher pixel density than Canon 1000D.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Leica M10-R
Canon 1000D
Crop factor
1
1.62
Total megapixels
10.50
Effective megapixels
41.00
10.10
Optical zoom
 
Digital zoom
No
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100-50000
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Evaluative 35-zone SPC
Exposure compensation
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
960 sec
Bulb+30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (rangefinder)
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
8
6
Screen size
3"
2.5"
Screen resolution
1,036,800 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
BC-SCL5 lithium-ion battery
Lithium-Ion BP-511A rechargeable battery
Weight
660 g
502 g
Dimensions
139 x 38.5 x 80 mm
126 x 98 x 62 mm
Year
2020
2008




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vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Leica M10-R diagonal

w = 36.00 mm
h = 24.00 mm
Diagonal =  36.00² + 24.00²   = 43.27 mm

Canon 1000D diagonal

w = 22.20 mm
h = 14.80 mm
Diagonal =  22.20² + 14.80²   = 26.68 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

M10-R sensor area

Width = 36.00 mm
Height = 24.00 mm

Surface area = 36.00 × 24.00 = 864.00 mm²

1000D sensor area

Width = 22.20 mm
Height = 14.80 mm

Surface area = 22.20 × 14.80 = 328.56 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

M10-R pixel pitch

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 7842 pixels
Pixel pitch =   36.00  × 1000  = 4.59 µm
7842

1000D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.20 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3893 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.20  × 1000  = 5.7 µm
3893


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

M10-R pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.59 µm

Pixel area = 4.59² = 21.07 µm²

1000D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.7 µm

Pixel area = 5.7² = 32.49 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

M10-R pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 7842 pixels
Sensor width = 3.6 cm

Pixel density = (7842 / 3.6)² / 1000000 = 4.75 MP/cm²

1000D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3893 pixels
Sensor width = 2.22 cm

Pixel density = (3893 / 2.22)² / 1000000 = 3.08 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

M10-R sensor resolution

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor height = 24.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 41.00
r = 36.00/24.00 = 1.5
X =  41.00 × 1000000  = 5228
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 5228 × 1.5 = 7842
Resolution vertical: X = 5228

Sensor resolution = 7842 x 5228

1000D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.20 mm
Sensor height = 14.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.10
r = 22.20/14.80 = 1.5
X =  10.10 × 1000000  = 2595
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2595 × 1.5 = 3893
Resolution vertical: X = 2595

Sensor resolution = 3893 x 2595


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


M10-R crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.27 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.27

1000D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.68 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.62
26.68

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

M10-R equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Leica M10-R, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Leica M10-R is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.

1000D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 1000D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon 1000D is 1.62

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