Leica M8.2 vs. Epson RD1
Comparison
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Leica M8.2  Epson RD1  
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Megapixels
10.30
6.00
Max. image resolution
3936 x 2630
3008 x 2000
Sensor
Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
27 x 18 mm
23.7 x 15.6 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera.
Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the
sensor, the better the image quality.
Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.
Learn more about sensor sizes »
Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.
Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor size
Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »

vs 

1.31  :  1 
(ratio)  
Leica M8.2  Epson RD1 
Surface area:
486.00 mm²  vs  369.72 mm² 
Difference: 116.28 mm² (31%)
M8.2 sensor is approx. 1.31x bigger than RD1 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations.
There is a 4 year gap between Leica M8.2 (2008) and Epson RD1 (2004).
All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.
The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered.
The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.
Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 14.42 µm² (31%)
A pixel on Epson RD1 sensor is approx. 31% bigger than a pixel on Leica M8.2.
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one
square cm of the sensor.
Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers,
click here.
Specs
Leica M8.2
Epson RD1
Total megapixels
10.30
6.20
Effective megapixels
10.30
6.00
Optical zoom
Digital zoom
No
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 160  2500
200, 400, 800, 1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Metering
Centre weighted
Centre weighted
Exposure compensation
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
8 sec
1 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/8000 sec
1/2000 sec
Builtin flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (rangefinder)
Optical (rangefinder)
White balance presets
6
6
Screen size
2.5"
2"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
235,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
LithiumIon rechargeable battery
LithiumIon rechargeable
Weight
591 g
620 g
Dimensions
138.6 x 80.2 x 36.9 mm
142 x 88.5 x 39.5 mm
Year
2008
2004
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Diagonal
Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height
Diagonal = √  w² + h² 
Leica M8.2 diagonal
w = 27.00 mm
h = 18.00 mm
h = 18.00 mm
Diagonal = √  27.00² + 18.00²  = 32.45 mm 
Epson RD1 diagonal
w = 23.70 mm
h = 15.60 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal = √  23.70² + 15.60²  = 28.37 mm 
Surface area
Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.
M8.2 sensor area
Width = 27.00 mm
Height = 18.00 mm
Surface area = 27.00 × 18.00 = 486.00 mm²
Height = 18.00 mm
Surface area = 27.00 × 18.00 = 486.00 mm²
RD1 sensor area
Width = 23.70 mm
Height = 15.60 mm
Surface area = 23.70 × 15.60 = 369.72 mm²
Height = 15.60 mm
Surface area = 23.70 × 15.60 = 369.72 mm²
Pixel pitch
Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the
next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =  sensor width in mm  × 1000 
sensor resolution width in pixels 
M8.2 pixel pitch
Sensor width = 27.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3930 pixels
Sensor resolution width = 3930 pixels
Pixel pitch =  27.00  × 1000  = 6.87 µm 
3930 
RD1 pixel pitch
Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3020 pixels
Sensor resolution width = 3020 pixels
Pixel pitch =  23.70  × 1000  = 7.85 µm 
3020 
Pixel area
The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =  sensor surface area in mm² 
effective megapixels 
M8.2 pixel area
Pixel pitch = 6.87 µm
Pixel area = 6.87² = 47.2 µm²
Pixel area = 6.87² = 47.2 µm²
RD1 pixel area
Pixel pitch = 7.85 µm
Pixel area = 7.85² = 61.62 µm²
Pixel area = 7.85² = 61.62 µm²
Pixel density
Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
One could also use this formula:
Pixel density = (  sensor resolution width in pixels  )² / 1000000 
sensor width in cm 
One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =  effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000 
sensor surface area in mm² 
M8.2 pixel density
Sensor resolution width = 3930 pixels
Sensor width = 2.7 cm
Pixel density = (3930 / 2.7)² / 1000000 = 2.12 MP/cm²
Sensor width = 2.7 cm
Pixel density = (3930 / 2.7)² / 1000000 = 2.12 MP/cm²
RD1 pixel density
Sensor resolution width = 3020 pixels
Sensor width = 2.37 cm
Pixel density = (3020 / 2.37)² / 1000000 = 1.62 MP/cm²
Sensor width = 2.37 cm
Pixel density = (3020 / 2.37)² / 1000000 = 1.62 MP/cm²
Sensor resolution
Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher
than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications.
Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula.
For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:
Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000 → 

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
M8.2 sensor resolution
Sensor width = 27.00 mm
Sensor height = 18.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.30
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2620 × 1.5 = 3930
Resolution vertical: X = 2620
Sensor resolution = 3930 x 2620
Sensor height = 18.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.30
r = 27.00/18.00 = 1.5 

Resolution vertical: X = 2620
Sensor resolution = 3930 x 2620
RD1 sensor resolution
Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.00
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1987 × 1.52 = 3020
Resolution vertical: X = 1987
Sensor resolution = 3020 x 1987
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.00
r = 23.70/15.60 = 1.52 

Resolution vertical: X = 1987
Sensor resolution = 3020 x 1987
Crop factor
Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal
of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =  43.27 mm 
sensor diagonal in mm 
M8.2 crop factor
Sensor diagonal in mm = 32.45 mm
Crop factor =  43.27  = 1.33 
32.45 
RD1 crop factor
Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.37 mm
Crop factor =  43.27  = 1.53 
28.37 
35 mm equivalent aperture
Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture
with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).
M8.2 equivalent aperture
Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for
fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for
Leica M8.2, take the aperture of the lens
you're using and multiply it with crop factor.
Crop factor for Leica M8.2 is 1.33
Crop factor for Leica M8.2 is 1.33
RD1 equivalent aperture
Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for
fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for
Epson RD1, take the aperture of the lens
you're using and multiply it with crop factor.
Crop factor for Epson RD1 is 1.53
Crop factor for Epson RD1 is 1.53
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