Nikon Coolpix 2500 vs. Canon PowerShot A430

Comparison

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Coolpix 2500 image
vs
PowerShot A430 image
Nikon Coolpix 2500 Canon PowerShot A430
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Megapixels
1.90
4.00
Max. image resolution
1600 x 1200
2272 x 1704

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
1/3" (~ 4.8 x 3.6 mm)
Sensor resolution
1589 x 1195
2306 x 1734
Diagonal
6.66 mm
6.00 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.23 : 1
(ratio)
Nikon Coolpix 2500 Canon PowerShot A430
Surface area:
21.32 mm² vs 17.28 mm²
Difference: 4.04 mm² (23%)
2500 sensor is approx. 1.23x bigger than A430 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 4 year gap between Nikon 2500 (2002) and Canon A430 (2006). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.35 µm
2.08 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.27 µm (61%)
Pixel pitch of 2500 is approx. 61% higher than pixel pitch of A430.
Pixel area
11.22 µm²
4.33 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 6.89 µm² (159%)
A pixel on Nikon 2500 sensor is approx. 159% bigger than a pixel on Canon A430.
Pixel density
8.89 MP/cm²
23.08 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 14.19 µm (160%)
Canon A430 has approx. 160% higher pixel density than Nikon 2500.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Nikon 2500
Canon A430
Crop factor
6.5
7.21
Total megapixels
2.10
4.10
Effective megapixels
1.90
4.00
Optical zoom
3x
4x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, (100-400)
Auto, 64, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
30 cm
47 cm
Macro focus range
4 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
37 - 111 mm
39 - 156 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2.7 - f4.7
f2.8 - f5.8
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f17.6 - f30.6
f20.2 - f41.8
Metering
256-segment Matrix
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
2 sec
1 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/3000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
6
5
Screen size
1.5"
1.8"
Screen resolution
110,000 dots
77,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
CompactFlash type I
SD/MMC card
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Nikon EN-EL2 Lithium-Ion included
AA (2) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
205 g
210 g
Dimensions
60 x 114 x 32 mm
103 x 52 x 40 mm
Year
2002
2006




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vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon 2500 diagonal

The diagonal of 2500 sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm

Canon A430 diagonal

The diagonal of A430 sensor is not 1/3 or 0.33" (8.5 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 4.80 mm
h = 3.60 mm
Diagonal =  4.80² + 3.60²   = 6.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

2500 sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²

A430 sensor area

Width = 4.80 mm
Height = 3.60 mm

Surface area = 4.80 × 3.60 = 17.28 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

2500 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1589 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 3.35 µm
1589

A430 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 4.80 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Pixel pitch =   4.80  × 1000  = 2.08 µm
2306


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

2500 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.35 µm

Pixel area = 3.35² = 11.22 µm²

A430 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.08 µm

Pixel area = 2.08² = 4.33 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

2500 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1589 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (1589 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 8.89 MP/cm²

A430 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Sensor width = 0.48 cm

Pixel density = (2306 / 0.48)² / 1000000 = 23.08 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

2500 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 1.90
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  1.90 × 1000000  = 1195
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1195 × 1.33 = 1589
Resolution vertical: X = 1195

Sensor resolution = 1589 x 1195

A430 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 4.80 mm
Sensor height = 3.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 4.00
r = 4.80/3.60 = 1.33
X =  4.00 × 1000000  = 1734
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1734 × 1.33 = 2306
Resolution vertical: X = 1734

Sensor resolution = 2306 x 1734


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


2500 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

A430 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 7.21
6.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

2500 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.7 - f4.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.7 - f4.7) × 6.5 = f17.6 - f30.6

A430 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 7.21
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.8) × 7.21 = f20.2 - f41.8

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