Nikon Coolpix 3700 vs. Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3

Comparison

change cameras »
Coolpix 3700 image
vs
DiMAGE Z3 image
Nikon Coolpix 3700 Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3
check price » check price »
Megapixels
3.10
4.00
Max. image resolution
2048 x 1536
2272 x 1704

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
Sensor resolution
2031 x 1527
2306 x 1734
Diagonal
6.66 mm
7.19 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.17
(ratio)
Nikon Coolpix 3700 Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3
Surface area:
21.32 mm² vs 24.84 mm²
Difference: 3.52 mm² (17%)
DiMAGE Z3 sensor is approx. 1.17x bigger than 3700 sensor.
Pixel pitch
2.62 µm
2.49 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.13 µm (5%)
Pixel pitch of 3700 is approx. 5% higher than pixel pitch of DiMAGE Z3.
Pixel area
6.86 µm²
6.2 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.66 µm² (11%)
A pixel on Nikon 3700 sensor is approx. 11% bigger than a pixel on Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3.
Pixel density
14.52 MP/cm²
16.08 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.56 µm (11%)
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3 has approx. 11% higher pixel density than Nikon 3700.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Nikon 3700
Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3
Crop factor
6.5
6.02
Total megapixels
3.30
Effective megapixels
3.10
Optical zoom
3x
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, (50 - 200)
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
30 cm
60 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 105 mm
35 - 420 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f4.9
f2.8 - f4.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.2 - f31.9
f16.9 - f27.1
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
256-segment Matrix, Centre weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/3000 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
Electronic
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
1.5"
1.5"
Screen resolution
134,000 dots
78,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD card
Secure Digital
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Nikon EN-EL5 Lithium-Ion
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
162 g
335 g
Dimensions
96 x 50 x 31 mm
108.5 x 80 x 83.5 mm
Year
2003
2004




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon 3700 diagonal

The diagonal of 3700 sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm

Konica-Minolta DiMAGE Z3 diagonal

The diagonal of DiMAGE Z3 sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

3700 sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²

DiMAGE Z3 sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

3700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 2.62 µm
2031

DiMAGE Z3 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.49 µm
2306


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

3700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.62 µm

Pixel area = 2.62² = 6.86 µm²

DiMAGE Z3 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.49 µm

Pixel area = 2.49² = 6.2 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

3700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (2031 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 14.52 MP/cm²

DiMAGE Z3 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2306 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 16.08 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

3700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.10
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  3.10 × 1000000  = 1527
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1527 × 1.33 = 2031
Resolution vertical: X = 1527

Sensor resolution = 2031 x 1527

DiMAGE Z3 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 4.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  4.00 × 1000000  = 1734
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1734 × 1.33 = 2306
Resolution vertical: X = 1734

Sensor resolution = 2306 x 1734


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


3700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

DiMAGE Z3 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

3700 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.9) × 6.5 = f18.2 - f31.9

DiMAGE Z3 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.5) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f27.1

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.