Nikon Coolpix B700 vs. Nikon D5300

Comparison

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Coolpix B700 image
vs
D5300 image
Nikon Coolpix B700 Nikon D5300
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Megapixels
20.20
24.20
Max. image resolution
5184 x 3888
6000 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
5183 x 3897
6045 x 4003
Diagonal
7.70 mm
28.21 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 12.88
(ratio)
Nikon Coolpix B700 Nikon D5300
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 366.60 mm²
Difference: 338.14 mm² (1188%)
D5300 sensor is approx. 12.88x bigger than B700 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 3 year gap between Nikon B700 (2016) and Nikon D5300 (2013). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.19 µm
3.89 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.7 µm (227%)
Pixel pitch of D5300 is approx. 227% higher than pixel pitch of B700.
Pixel area
1.42 µm²
15.13 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 13.71 µm² (965%)
A pixel on Nikon D5300 sensor is approx. 965% bigger than a pixel on Nikon B700.
Pixel density
70.79 MP/cm²
6.62 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 64.17 µm (969%)
Nikon B700 has approx. 969% higher pixel density than Nikon D5300.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Nikon B700
Nikon D5300
Crop factor
5.62
1.53
Total megapixels
21.14
24.78
Effective megapixels
20.20
24.20
Optical zoom
60x
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100-3200
Auto, 100 - 12800 (25600 with boost)
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
24 - 1440 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f3.3 - f6.5
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.5 - f36.5
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
5
12
Screen size
3"
3.2"
Screen resolution
921,600 dots
1,037,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
3840x2160 (30p/25p)
1920x1080 (60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
EN-EL23 lithium-ion battery
Lithium-Ion EN-EL14a rechargeable battery
Weight
570 g
530 g
Dimensions
125 x 85 x 106.5 mm
125 x 98 x 76 mm
Year
2016
2013




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vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon B700 diagonal

The diagonal of B700 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Nikon D5300 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

B700 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

D5300 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

B700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.19 µm
5183

D5300 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.89 µm
6045


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

B700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.19 µm

Pixel area = 1.19² = 1.42 µm²

D5300 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.89 µm

Pixel area = 3.89² = 15.13 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

B700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5183 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 70.79 MP/cm²

D5300 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6045 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.62 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

B700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.20 × 1000000  = 3897
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3897 × 1.33 = 5183
Resolution vertical: X = 3897

Sensor resolution = 5183 x 3897

D5300 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4003
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4003 × 1.51 = 6045
Resolution vertical: X = 4003

Sensor resolution = 6045 x 4003


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


B700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

D5300 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

B700 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.3 - f6.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f6.5) × 5.62 = f18.5 - f36.5

D5300 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D5300, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D5300 is 1.53

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