Nikon Coolpix S610c vs. Nikon D3200

Comparison

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Coolpix S610c image
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D3200 image
Nikon Coolpix S610c Nikon D3200
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Megapixels
10.00
24.20
Max. image resolution
3648 x 2736
6016 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
23.2 x 15.4 mm
Sensor resolution
3647 x 2742
6045 x 4003
Diagonal
7.60 mm
27.85 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

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vs
1 : 12.89
(ratio)
Nikon Coolpix S610c Nikon D3200
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 357.28 mm²
Difference: 329.56 mm² (1189%)
D3200 sensor is approx. 12.89x bigger than S610c sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 4 year gap between Nikon S610c (2008) and Nikon D3200 (2012). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.67 µm
3.84 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.17 µm (130%)
Pixel pitch of D3200 is approx. 130% higher than pixel pitch of S610c.
Pixel area
2.79 µm²
14.75 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 11.96 µm² (429%)
A pixel on Nikon D3200 sensor is approx. 429% bigger than a pixel on Nikon S610c.
Pixel density
35.98 MP/cm²
6.79 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 29.19 µm (430%)
Nikon S610c has approx. 430% higher pixel density than Nikon D3200.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Nikon S610c
Nikon D3200
Crop factor
5.69
1.55
Total megapixels
10.30
24.70
Effective megapixels
10.00
24.20
Optical zoom
4x
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 (12800 with boost)
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28 - 112 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.7 - f5.8
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f15.4 - f33
n/a
Metering
256-segment Matrix, Centre weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot AF-area
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
7
12
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
921,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p/25p/24p)
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC UHS-I compliant
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion (EN-EL12)
Lithium-Ion EN-EL14 rechargeable battery
Weight
177 g
505 g
Dimensions
94 x 57 x 23 mm
125 x 96 x 77 mm
Year
2008
2012




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon S610c diagonal

The diagonal of S610c sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Nikon D3200 diagonal

w = 23.20 mm
h = 15.40 mm
Diagonal =  23.20² + 15.40²   = 27.85 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

S610c sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

D3200 sensor area

Width = 23.20 mm
Height = 15.40 mm

Surface area = 23.20 × 15.40 = 357.28 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

S610c pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3647 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.67 µm
3647

D3200 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.20 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.20  × 1000  = 3.84 µm
6045


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

S610c pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.67 µm

Pixel area = 1.67² = 2.79 µm²

D3200 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.84 µm

Pixel area = 3.84² = 14.75 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

S610c pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3647 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (3647 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 35.98 MP/cm²

D3200 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Sensor width = 2.32 cm

Pixel density = (6045 / 2.32)² / 1000000 = 6.79 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

S610c sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.00
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  10.00 × 1000000  = 2742
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2742 × 1.33 = 3647
Resolution vertical: X = 2742

Sensor resolution = 3647 x 2742

D3200 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.20 mm
Sensor height = 15.40 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 23.20/15.40 = 1.51
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4003
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4003 × 1.51 = 6045
Resolution vertical: X = 4003

Sensor resolution = 6045 x 4003


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


S610c crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

D3200 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 27.85 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.55
27.85

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

S610c equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f2.7 - f5.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.7 - f5.8) × 5.69 = f15.4 - f33

D3200 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D3200, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D3200 is 1.55

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