Nikon Z6 vs. Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S

Comparison

change cameras »
Z6 image
vs
Lumix DC-GH5S image
Nikon Z6 Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S
check price » check price »
Megapixels
24.50
10.28
Max. image resolution
6048 x 4024
3680 x 2760

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
35.9 x 23.9 mm
Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm)
Sensor resolution
6062 x 4041
3697 x 2780
Diagonal
43.13 mm
21.64 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
3.82 : 1
(ratio)
Nikon Z6 Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S
Surface area:
858.01 mm² vs 224.90 mm²
Difference: 633.11 mm² (282%)
Z6 sensor is approx. 3.82x bigger than Lumix DC-GH5S sensor.
Pixel pitch
5.92 µm
4.68 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.24 µm (26%)
Pixel pitch of Z6 is approx. 26% higher than pixel pitch of Lumix DC-GH5S.
Pixel area
35.05 µm²
21.9 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 13.15 µm² (60%)
A pixel on Nikon Z6 sensor is approx. 60% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S.
Pixel density
2.85 MP/cm²
4.57 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.72 µm (60%)
Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S has approx. 60% higher pixel density than Nikon Z6.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Specs

Nikon Z6
Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S
Crop factor
1
2
Total megapixels
25.28
11.93
Effective megapixels
24.50
10.28
Optical zoom
 
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100-51200 (extends to 50-204800)
Auto, 160-51200 (extendable to 80-204800)
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
60 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/8000 sec
1/16000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Electronic
White balance presets
12
5
Screen size
3.2"
3.2"
Screen resolution
2,100,000 dots
1,620,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
3840x2160 (30p/25p/24p)
4096x2160 (60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
Storage types
XQD
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
EN-EL15b rechargeable Li-ion battery
Li-ion Battery Pack
Weight
585 g
660 g
Dimensions
134 x 100.5 x 67.5 mm
138.5 x 98.1 x 87.4 mm
Year
2018
2018



Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon Z6 diagonal

w = 35.90 mm
h = 23.90 mm
Diagonal =  35.90² + 23.90²   = 43.13 mm

Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S diagonal

w = 17.30 mm
h = 13.00 mm
Diagonal =  17.30² + 13.00²   = 21.64 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Z6 sensor area

Width = 35.90 mm
Height = 23.90 mm

Surface area = 35.90 × 23.90 = 858.01 mm²

Lumix DC-GH5S sensor area

Width = 17.30 mm
Height = 13.00 mm

Surface area = 17.30 × 13.00 = 224.90 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Z6 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 35.90 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6062 pixels
Pixel pitch =   35.90  × 1000  = 5.92 µm
6062

Lumix DC-GH5S pixel pitch

Sensor width = 17.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3697 pixels
Pixel pitch =   17.30  × 1000  = 4.68 µm
3697


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Z6 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.92 µm

Pixel area = 5.92² = 35.05 µm²

Lumix DC-GH5S pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.68 µm

Pixel area = 4.68² = 21.9 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Z6 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6062 pixels
Sensor width = 3.59 cm

Pixel density = (6062 / 3.59)² / 1000000 = 2.85 MP/cm²

Lumix DC-GH5S pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3697 pixels
Sensor width = 1.73 cm

Pixel density = (3697 / 1.73)² / 1000000 = 4.57 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Z6 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 35.90 mm
Sensor height = 23.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.50
r = 35.90/23.90 = 1.5
X =  24.50 × 1000000  = 4041
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4041 × 1.5 = 6062
Resolution vertical: X = 4041

Sensor resolution = 6062 x 4041

Lumix DC-GH5S sensor resolution

Sensor width = 17.30 mm
Sensor height = 13.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.28
r = 17.30/13.00 = 1.33
X =  10.28 × 1000000  = 2780
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2780 × 1.33 = 3697
Resolution vertical: X = 2780

Sensor resolution = 3697 x 2780


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Z6 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.13 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.13

Lumix DC-GH5S crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 21.64 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 2
21.64

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Z6 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon Z6, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Nikon Z6 is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.

Lumix DC-GH5S equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S is 2

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.