Nikon Z7 II vs. Canon PowerShot 600

Comparison

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Z7 II image
vs
PowerShot 600 image
Nikon Z7 II Canon PowerShot 600
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Megapixels
45.70
0.50
Max. image resolution
8256 x 5504
832 x 608

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
35.9 x 23.9 mm
1/3" (~ 4.8 x 3.6 mm)
Sensor resolution
8280 x 5520
815 x 613
Diagonal
43.13 mm
6.00 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
49.65 : 1
(ratio)
Nikon Z7 II Canon PowerShot 600
Surface area:
858.01 mm² vs 17.28 mm²
Difference: 840.73 mm² (4865%)
Z7 II sensor is approx. 49.65x bigger than 600 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 24 years between Nikon Z7 II (2020) and Canon 600 (1996). 24 years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
4.34 µm
5.89 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.55 µm (36%)
Pixel pitch of 600 is approx. 36% higher than pixel pitch of Z7 II.
Pixel area
18.84 µm²
34.69 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 15.85 µm² (84%)
A pixel on Canon 600 sensor is approx. 84% bigger than a pixel on Nikon Z7 II.
Pixel density
5.32 MP/cm²
2.88 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 2.44 µm (85%)
Nikon Z7 II has approx. 85% higher pixel density than Canon 600.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Nikon Z7 II
Canon 600
Crop factor
1
7.21
Total megapixels
46.89
0.60
Effective megapixels
45.70
0.50
Optical zoom
1x
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 64-25600 (extends to 32-102400)
100
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
40 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
50 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
No
Max. aperture
f2.0 - f2.4
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
f14.4 - f17.3
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
No
Min. shutter speed
900 sec
1/30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/8000 sec
1/500 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
12
4
Screen size
3.2"
1.8"
Screen resolution
2,100,000 dots
120,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
3840x2160 (60p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC, CFexpress Type B / XQD
PCMCIA Type II / III
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
EN-EL15c Li-ion battery
Canon NiCD
Weight
615 g
460 g
Dimensions
134 x 100.5 x 69.5 mm
160 x 93 x 59 mm
Year
2020
1996




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon Z7 II diagonal

w = 35.90 mm
h = 23.90 mm
Diagonal =  35.90² + 23.90²   = 43.13 mm

Canon 600 diagonal

The diagonal of 600 sensor is not 1/3 or 0.33" (8.5 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 4.80 mm
h = 3.60 mm
Diagonal =  4.80² + 3.60²   = 6.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Z7 II sensor area

Width = 35.90 mm
Height = 23.90 mm

Surface area = 35.90 × 23.90 = 858.01 mm²

600 sensor area

Width = 4.80 mm
Height = 3.60 mm

Surface area = 4.80 × 3.60 = 17.28 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Z7 II pixel pitch

Sensor width = 35.90 mm
Sensor resolution width = 8280 pixels
Pixel pitch =   35.90  × 1000  = 4.34 µm
8280

600 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 4.80 mm
Sensor resolution width = 815 pixels
Pixel pitch =   4.80  × 1000  = 5.89 µm
815


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Z7 II pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.34 µm

Pixel area = 4.34² = 18.84 µm²

600 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.89 µm

Pixel area = 5.89² = 34.69 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Z7 II pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 8280 pixels
Sensor width = 3.59 cm

Pixel density = (8280 / 3.59)² / 1000000 = 5.32 MP/cm²

600 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 815 pixels
Sensor width = 0.48 cm

Pixel density = (815 / 0.48)² / 1000000 = 2.88 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Z7 II sensor resolution

Sensor width = 35.90 mm
Sensor height = 23.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 45.70
r = 35.90/23.90 = 1.5
X =  45.70 × 1000000  = 5520
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 5520 × 1.5 = 8280
Resolution vertical: X = 5520

Sensor resolution = 8280 x 5520

600 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 4.80 mm
Sensor height = 3.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 0.50
r = 4.80/3.60 = 1.33
X =  0.50 × 1000000  = 613
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 613 × 1.33 = 815
Resolution vertical: X = 613

Sensor resolution = 815 x 613


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Z7 II crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.13 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.13

600 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 7.21
6.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Z7 II equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon Z7 II, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Nikon Z7 II is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.

600 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 7.21
Aperture = f2.0 - f2.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.0 - f2.4) × 7.21 = f14.4 - f17.3

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