Olympus SP 510 UZ vs. Canon PowerShot G6

Comparison

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SP 510 UZ image
vs
PowerShot G6 image
Olympus SP 510 UZ Canon PowerShot G6
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Megapixels
7.10
7.10
Max. image resolution
3072 x 2304
3072 x 2304

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/1.8" (~ 7.11 x 5.33 mm)
Sensor resolution
3072 x 2310
3072 x 2310
Diagonal
7.19 mm
8.89 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.53
(ratio)
Olympus SP 510 UZ Canon PowerShot G6
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 37.90 mm²
Difference: 13.06 mm² (53%)
G6 sensor is approx. 1.53x bigger than SP 510 UZ sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Olympus SP 510 UZ (2006) and Canon G6 (2004). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
1.87 µm
2.31 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.44 µm (24%)
Pixel pitch of G6 is approx. 24% higher than pixel pitch of SP 510 UZ.
Pixel area
3.5 µm²
5.34 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.84 µm² (53%)
A pixel on Canon G6 sensor is approx. 53% bigger than a pixel on Olympus SP 510 UZ.
Pixel density
28.54 MP/cm²
18.67 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 9.87 µm (53%)
Olympus SP 510 UZ has approx. 53% higher pixel density than Canon G6.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Olympus SP 510 UZ
Canon G6
Crop factor
6.02
4.87
Total megapixels
7.10
Effective megapixels
7.10
Optical zoom
Yes
4x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 2500, 4000
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
60 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
38 - 380 mm
35 - 140 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f3.7
f2.0 - f3.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9 - f22.3
f9.7 - f14.6
Metering
Centre weighted, ESP Digital, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
6
6
Screen size
2.5"
2"
Screen resolution
115,000 dots
118,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
xD Picture card
Compact Flash (Type I or II)
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
4x AA
Canon Lithium-Ion
Weight
325 g
467 g
Dimensions
105.5 x 74.5 x 70.0 mm
105 x 73 x 73 mm
Year
2006
2004




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Olympus SP 510 UZ diagonal

The diagonal of SP 510 UZ sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Canon G6 diagonal

The diagonal of G6 sensor is not 1/1.8 or 0.56" (14.1 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8.89 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.11 mm
h = 5.33 mm
Diagonal =  7.11² + 5.33²   = 8.89 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

SP 510 UZ sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

G6 sensor area

Width = 7.11 mm
Height = 5.33 mm

Surface area = 7.11 × 5.33 = 37.90 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

SP 510 UZ pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3072 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 1.87 µm
3072

G6 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3072 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.11  × 1000  = 2.31 µm
3072


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

SP 510 UZ pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.87 µm

Pixel area = 1.87² = 3.5 µm²

G6 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.31 µm

Pixel area = 2.31² = 5.34 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

SP 510 UZ pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3072 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (3072 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 28.54 MP/cm²

G6 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3072 pixels
Sensor width = 0.711 cm

Pixel density = (3072 / 0.711)² / 1000000 = 18.67 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

SP 510 UZ sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 7.10
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  7.10 × 1000000  = 2310
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2310 × 1.33 = 3072
Resolution vertical: X = 2310

Sensor resolution = 3072 x 2310

G6 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor height = 5.33 mm
Effective megapixels = 7.10
r = 7.11/5.33 = 1.33
X =  7.10 × 1000000  = 2310
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2310 × 1.33 = 3072
Resolution vertical: X = 2310

Sensor resolution = 3072 x 2310


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


SP 510 UZ crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

G6 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.89 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.87
8.89

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

SP 510 UZ equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8 - f3.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f3.7) × 6.02 = f16.9 - f22.3

G6 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.87
Aperture = f2.0 - f3.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.0 - f3.0) × 4.87 = f9.7 - f14.6

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