Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 vs. Nikon Coolpix L100

Comparison

change cameras »
Lumix DC-GH6 image
vs
Coolpix L100 image
Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 Nikon Coolpix L100
check price » check price »
Megapixels
25.21
10.10
Max. image resolution
5776 x 4336
3648 x 2736

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm)
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
Sensor resolution
5791 x 4354
3665 x 2756
Diagonal
21.64 mm
7.60 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
8.11 : 1
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 Nikon Coolpix L100
Surface area:
224.90 mm² vs 27.72 mm²
Difference: 197.18 mm² (711%)
Lumix DC-GH6 sensor is approx. 8.11x bigger than L100 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 13 years between Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 (2022) and Nikon L100 (2009). Thirteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
2.99 µm
1.66 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.33 µm (80%)
Pixel pitch of Lumix DC-GH6 is approx. 80% higher than pixel pitch of L100.
Pixel area
8.94 µm²
2.76 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 6.18 µm² (224%)
A pixel on Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 sensor is approx. 224% bigger than a pixel on Nikon L100.
Pixel density
11.21 MP/cm²
36.34 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 25.13 µm (224%)
Nikon L100 has approx. 224% higher pixel density than Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6
Nikon L100
Crop factor
2
5.69
Total megapixels
26.52
10.70
Effective megapixels
25.21
10.10
Optical zoom
 
15x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, (100-25600)
Auto, 80 - 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
Macro focus range
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28 - 420 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
No
Max. aperture
f3.5 - f5.4
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
f19.9 - f30.7
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
No
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
8 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/32000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic
None
White balance presets
6
5
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
1,840,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
5760x4320 (30p/​25p/​24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC, CFexpress
SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Li-ion Battery Pack
4 x AA (Alkaline, NiMH, Oxyride or Lithium)
Weight
823 g
355 g
Dimensions
138.4 x 100.3 x 99.6 mm
110 x 72 x 78 mm
Year
2022
2009




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 diagonal

w = 17.30 mm
h = 13.00 mm
Diagonal =  17.30² + 13.00²   = 21.64 mm

Nikon L100 diagonal

The diagonal of L100 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Lumix DC-GH6 sensor area

Width = 17.30 mm
Height = 13.00 mm

Surface area = 17.30 × 13.00 = 224.90 mm²

L100 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Lumix DC-GH6 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 17.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5791 pixels
Pixel pitch =   17.30  × 1000  = 2.99 µm
5791

L100 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3665 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.66 µm
3665


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Lumix DC-GH6 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.99 µm

Pixel area = 2.99² = 8.94 µm²

L100 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.66 µm

Pixel area = 1.66² = 2.76 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Lumix DC-GH6 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5791 pixels
Sensor width = 1.73 cm

Pixel density = (5791 / 1.73)² / 1000000 = 11.21 MP/cm²

L100 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3665 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (3665 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 36.34 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Lumix DC-GH6 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 17.30 mm
Sensor height = 13.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 25.21
r = 17.30/13.00 = 1.33
X =  25.21 × 1000000  = 4354
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4354 × 1.33 = 5791
Resolution vertical: X = 4354

Sensor resolution = 5791 x 4354

L100 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  10.10 × 1000000  = 2756
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2756 × 1.33 = 3665
Resolution vertical: X = 2756

Sensor resolution = 3665 x 2756


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Lumix DC-GH6 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 21.64 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 2
21.64

L100 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Lumix DC-GH6 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Panasonic Lumix DC-GH6 is 2

L100 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.5 - f5.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f5.4) × 5.69 = f19.9 - f30.7

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.