Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H vs. Nikon D50

Comparison

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Lumix DC-BS1H image
vs
D50 image
Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H Nikon D50
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Megapixels
24.20
6.10
Max. image resolution
6000 x 4000
3008 x 2000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
35.6 x 23.8 mm
23.7 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
6026 x 4017
3045 x 2003
Diagonal
42.82 mm
28.37 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
2.29 : 1
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H Nikon D50
Surface area:
847.28 mm² vs 369.72 mm²
Difference: 477.56 mm² (129%)
Lumix DC-BS1H sensor is approx. 2.29x bigger than D50 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 16 years between Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H (2021) and Nikon D50 (2005). Sixteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
5.91 µm
7.78 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.87 µm (32%)
Pixel pitch of D50 is approx. 32% higher than pixel pitch of Lumix DC-BS1H.
Pixel area
34.93 µm²
60.53 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 25.6 µm² (73%)
A pixel on Nikon D50 sensor is approx. 73% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H.
Pixel density
2.87 MP/cm²
1.65 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.22 µm (74%)
Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H has approx. 74% higher pixel density than Nikon D50.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H
Nikon D50
Crop factor
1.01
1.53
Total megapixels
25.28
6.24
Effective megapixels
24.20
6.10
Optical zoom
Digital zoom
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100-51200 (extends to 50-204800)
Auto, 200, 400, 800, 1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
3D Matrix, Centre weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
Bulb+30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/8000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance presets
5
7
Screen size
2"
Screen resolution
130,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
5952x3968 (25p/24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
Secure Digital
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Panasonic AG-VBR Series
Nikon EN-EL3 Lithium-Ion included
Weight
585 g
540 g
Dimensions
93 x 93 x 78.8 mm
133 x 102 x 76 mm
Year
2021
2005




Choose cameras to compare

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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H diagonal

w = 35.60 mm
h = 23.80 mm
Diagonal =  35.60² + 23.80²   = 42.82 mm

Nikon D50 diagonal

w = 23.70 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.70² + 15.60²   = 28.37 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Lumix DC-BS1H sensor area

Width = 35.60 mm
Height = 23.80 mm

Surface area = 35.60 × 23.80 = 847.28 mm²

D50 sensor area

Width = 23.70 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.70 × 15.60 = 369.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Lumix DC-BS1H pixel pitch

Sensor width = 35.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6026 pixels
Pixel pitch =   35.60  × 1000  = 5.91 µm
6026

D50 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3045 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.70  × 1000  = 7.78 µm
3045


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Lumix DC-BS1H pixel area

Pixel pitch = 5.91 µm

Pixel area = 5.91² = 34.93 µm²

D50 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 7.78 µm

Pixel area = 7.78² = 60.53 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Lumix DC-BS1H pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6026 pixels
Sensor width = 3.56 cm

Pixel density = (6026 / 3.56)² / 1000000 = 2.87 MP/cm²

D50 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3045 pixels
Sensor width = 2.37 cm

Pixel density = (3045 / 2.37)² / 1000000 = 1.65 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Lumix DC-BS1H sensor resolution

Sensor width = 35.60 mm
Sensor height = 23.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 35.60/23.80 = 1.5
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4017
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4017 × 1.5 = 6026
Resolution vertical: X = 4017

Sensor resolution = 6026 x 4017

D50 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.70 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.10
r = 23.70/15.60 = 1.52
X =  6.10 × 1000000  = 2003
1.52
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2003 × 1.52 = 3045
Resolution vertical: X = 2003

Sensor resolution = 3045 x 2003


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Lumix DC-BS1H crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 42.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.01
42.82

D50 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.37 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.37

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Lumix DC-BS1H equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Panasonic Lumix DC-BS1H is 1.01

D50 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D50, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D50 is 1.53

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