Panasonic Lumix DMC-F7 vs. Sony Alpha a5000

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-F7 image
vs
Alpha a5000 image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-F7 Sony Alpha a5000
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Megapixels
1.90
20.10
Max. image resolution
1600 x 1200
5456 x 3632

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
1589 x 1195
5508 x 3648
Diagonal
6.66 mm
28.21 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 17.2
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-F7 Sony Alpha a5000
Surface area:
21.32 mm² vs 366.60 mm²
Difference: 345.28 mm² (1620%)
Alpha a5000 sensor is approx. 17.2x bigger than F7 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 13 years between Panasonic F7 (2001) and Sony Alpha a5000 (2014). Thirteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
3.35 µm
4.27 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.92 µm (27%)
Pixel pitch of Alpha a5000 is approx. 27% higher than pixel pitch of F7.
Pixel area
11.22 µm²
18.23 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 7.01 µm² (62%)
A pixel on Sony Alpha a5000 sensor is approx. 62% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic F7.
Pixel density
8.89 MP/cm²
5.49 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 3.4 µm (62%)
Panasonic F7 has approx. 62% higher pixel density than Sony Alpha a5000.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic F7
Sony Alpha a5000
Crop factor
6.5
1.53
Total megapixels
2.10
20.40
Effective megapixels
1.90
20.10
Optical zoom
2x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400
Auto, 100 - 16000
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 70 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f4
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.2 - f26
n/a
Metering
Matrix, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
2 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (tunnel)
None
White balance presets
7
9
Screen size
1.5"
3"
Screen resolution
60,000 dots
460,800 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (60i/24p)
Storage types
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Memory Stick Pro Duo/Pro-HG Duo
USB
USB 1.0
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion rechargeable
Lithium-ion NP-FW50 battery
Weight
150 g
269 g
Dimensions
104 x 51 x 32 mm
109.6 x 62.8 x 35.7 mm
Year
2001
2014




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic F7 diagonal

The diagonal of F7 sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm

Sony Alpha a5000 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

F7 sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²

Alpha a5000 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

F7 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1589 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 3.35 µm
1589

Alpha a5000 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5508 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 4.27 µm
5508


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

F7 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.35 µm

Pixel area = 3.35² = 11.22 µm²

Alpha a5000 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.27 µm

Pixel area = 4.27² = 18.23 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

F7 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1589 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (1589 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 8.89 MP/cm²

Alpha a5000 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5508 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (5508 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 5.49 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

F7 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 1.90
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  1.90 × 1000000  = 1195
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1195 × 1.33 = 1589
Resolution vertical: X = 1195

Sensor resolution = 1589 x 1195

Alpha a5000 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.10
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  20.10 × 1000000  = 3648
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3648 × 1.51 = 5508
Resolution vertical: X = 3648

Sensor resolution = 5508 x 3648


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


F7 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

Alpha a5000 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

F7 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.8 - f4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4) × 6.5 = f18.2 - f26

Alpha a5000 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Sony Alpha a5000, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Sony Alpha a5000 is 1.53

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