Panasonic Lumix DMC-FT10 vs. Nikon Coolpix W100

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-FT10 image
vs
Coolpix W100 image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FT10 Nikon Coolpix W100
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Megapixels
14.10
13.20
Max. image resolution
4320 x 3240
4160 x 3120

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
1/3" (~ 4.8 x 3.6 mm)
Sensor resolution
4330 x 3256
4190 x 3150
Diagonal
7.60 mm
6.00 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.6 : 1
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FT10 Nikon Coolpix W100
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 17.28 mm²
Difference: 10.44 mm² (60%)
FT10 sensor is approx. 1.6x bigger than W100 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 6 years between Panasonic FT10 (2010) and Nikon W100 (2016). Six years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
1.4 µm
1.15 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.25 µm (22%)
Pixel pitch of FT10 is approx. 22% higher than pixel pitch of W100.
Pixel area
1.96 µm²
1.32 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.64 µm² (48%)
A pixel on Panasonic FT10 sensor is approx. 48% bigger than a pixel on Nikon W100.
Pixel density
50.72 MP/cm²
76.2 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 25.48 µm (50%)
Nikon W100 has approx. 50% higher pixel density than Panasonic FT10.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic FT10
Nikon W100
Crop factor
5.69
7.21
Total megapixels
14.50
14.17
Effective megapixels
14.10
13.20
Optical zoom
4x
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 - 6400
Auto, 125-1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
5 cm
Macro focus range
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 140 mm
30 - 90 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.5 - f5.9
f3.3 - f5.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f19.9 - f33.6
f23.8 - f42.5
Metering
Intelligent Multiple
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
1 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1600 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
5
Screen size
2.7"
2.7"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery
EN-EL19 lithium-ion batter
Weight
188 g
177 g
Dimensions
100.3 x 63.5 x 21.6 mm
109.5 x 67 x 38 mm
Year
2010
2016




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic FT10 diagonal

The diagonal of FT10 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Nikon W100 diagonal

The diagonal of W100 sensor is not 1/3 or 0.33" (8.5 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 4.80 mm
h = 3.60 mm
Diagonal =  4.80² + 3.60²   = 6.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

FT10 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

W100 sensor area

Width = 4.80 mm
Height = 3.60 mm

Surface area = 4.80 × 3.60 = 17.28 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

FT10 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4330 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.4 µm
4330

W100 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 4.80 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4190 pixels
Pixel pitch =   4.80  × 1000  = 1.15 µm
4190


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

FT10 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.4 µm

Pixel area = 1.4² = 1.96 µm²

W100 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.15 µm

Pixel area = 1.15² = 1.32 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

FT10 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4330 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (4330 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 50.72 MP/cm²

W100 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4190 pixels
Sensor width = 0.48 cm

Pixel density = (4190 / 0.48)² / 1000000 = 76.2 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

FT10 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 14.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  14.10 × 1000000  = 3256
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3256 × 1.33 = 4330
Resolution vertical: X = 3256

Sensor resolution = 4330 x 3256

W100 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 4.80 mm
Sensor height = 3.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 13.20
r = 4.80/3.60 = 1.33
X =  13.20 × 1000000  = 3150
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3150 × 1.33 = 4190
Resolution vertical: X = 3150

Sensor resolution = 4190 x 3150


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


FT10 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

W100 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 7.21
6.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

FT10 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.5 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f5.9) × 5.69 = f19.9 - f33.6

W100 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 7.21
Aperture = f3.3 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f5.9) × 7.21 = f23.8 - f42.5

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