Panasonic Lumix DMCFT3 vs. Fujifilm XA1
Comparison
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Panasonic Lumix DMCFT3  Fujifilm XA1  
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Megapixels
12.10
16.30
Max. image resolution
4000 x 3000
4896 x 3264
Sensor
Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
23.6 x 15.6 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera.
Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the
sensor, the better the image quality.
Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.
Learn more about sensor sizes »
Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.
Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor size
Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »

vs 

1  :  13.28 
(ratio)  
Panasonic Lumix DMCFT3  Fujifilm XA1 
Surface area:
27.72 mm²  vs  368.16 mm² 
Difference: 340.44 mm² (1228%)
XA1 sensor is approx. 13.28x bigger than FT3 sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations.
There is a 2 year gap between Panasonic FT3 (2011) and Fujifilm XA1 (2013).
All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.
The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered.
The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.
Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 20.35 µm² (881%)
A pixel on Fujifilm XA1 sensor is approx. 881% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic FT3.
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one
square cm of the sensor.
Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers,
click here.
Specs
Panasonic FT3
Fujifilm XA1
Total megapixels
12.50
16.50
Effective megapixels
12.10
16.30
Optical zoom
4.6x
Digital zoom
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600  6400
Auto, 200  6400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
30 cm
Macro focus range
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28  128 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f3.3  f5.9
Metering
Intelligent Multiple
Multi, Average, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1300 sec
1/4000 sec
Builtin flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
6
7
Screen size
2.7"
3"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
920,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
LithiumIon rechargeable battery
NPW126 Liion battery
Weight
197 g
330 g
Dimensions
104 x 64 x 27 mm
116.9 x 66.5 x 39 mm
Year
2011
2013
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Diagonal
Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height
Diagonal = √  w² + h² 
Panasonic FT3 diagonal
The diagonal of FT3 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of
that value  7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see
sensor sizes.
w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal = √  6.08² + 4.56²  = 7.60 mm 
Fujifilm XA1 diagonal
w = 23.60 mm
h = 15.60 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal = √  23.60² + 15.60²  = 28.29 mm 
Surface area
Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.
FT3 sensor area
Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm
Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²
Height = 4.56 mm
Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²
XA1 sensor area
Width = 23.60 mm
Height = 15.60 mm
Surface area = 23.60 × 15.60 = 368.16 mm²
Height = 15.60 mm
Surface area = 23.60 × 15.60 = 368.16 mm²
Pixel pitch
Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the
next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =  sensor width in mm  × 1000 
sensor resolution width in pixels 
FT3 pixel pitch
Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =  6.08  × 1000  = 1.52 µm 
4011 
XA1 pixel pitch
Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Pixel pitch =  23.60  × 1000  = 4.76 µm 
4962 
Pixel area
The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²
You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =  sensor surface area in mm² 
effective megapixels 
FT3 pixel area
Pixel pitch = 1.52 µm
Pixel area = 1.52² = 2.31 µm²
Pixel area = 1.52² = 2.31 µm²
XA1 pixel area
Pixel pitch = 4.76 µm
Pixel area = 4.76² = 22.66 µm²
Pixel area = 4.76² = 22.66 µm²
Pixel density
Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
One could also use this formula:
Pixel density = (  sensor resolution width in pixels  )² / 1000000 
sensor width in cm 
One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =  effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000 
sensor surface area in mm² 
FT3 pixel density
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm
Pixel density = (4011 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 43.52 MP/cm²
Sensor width = 0.608 cm
Pixel density = (4011 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 43.52 MP/cm²
XA1 pixel density
Sensor resolution width = 4962 pixels
Sensor width = 2.36 cm
Pixel density = (4962 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 4.42 MP/cm²
Sensor width = 2.36 cm
Pixel density = (4962 / 2.36)² / 1000000 = 4.42 MP/cm²
Sensor resolution
Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher
than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications.
Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula.
For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:
Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.
2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000 → 

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X
FT3 sensor resolution
Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016
Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33 

Resolution vertical: X = 3016
Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016
XA1 sensor resolution
Sensor width = 23.60 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.30
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3286 × 1.51 = 4962
Resolution vertical: X = 3286
Sensor resolution = 4962 x 3286
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.30
r = 23.60/15.60 = 1.51 

Resolution vertical: X = 3286
Sensor resolution = 4962 x 3286
Crop factor
Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal
of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =  43.27 mm 
sensor diagonal in mm 
FT3 crop factor
Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =  43.27  = 5.69 
7.60 
XA1 crop factor
Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.29 mm
Crop factor =  43.27  = 1.53 
28.29 
35 mm equivalent aperture
Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture
with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).
FT3 equivalent aperture
Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.3  f5.9
35mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3  f5.9) × 5.69 = f18.8  f33.6
Aperture = f3.3  f5.9
35mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3  f5.9) × 5.69 = f18.8  f33.6
XA1 equivalent aperture
Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for
fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for
Fujifilm XA1, take the aperture of the lens
you're using and multiply it with crop factor.
Crop factor for Fujifilm XA1 is 1.53
Crop factor for Fujifilm XA1 is 1.53
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