Panasonic Lumix DMC-FT30 vs. Canon PowerShot ELPH 170 IS

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-FT30 image
vs
PowerShot ELPH 170 IS image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FT30 Canon PowerShot ELPH 170 IS
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Megapixels
16.10
20.00
Max. image resolution
4608 x 3456
5152 x 3864

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
4627 x 3479
5158 x 3878
Diagonal
7.60 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
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1 : 1.03
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FT30 Canon PowerShot ELPH 170 IS
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0.74 mm² (3%)
ELPH 170 IS sensor is slightly bigger than FT30 sensor (only 3% difference).
Pixel pitch
1.31 µm
1.19 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.12 µm (10%)
Pixel pitch of FT30 is approx. 10% higher than pixel pitch of ELPH 170 IS.
Pixel area
1.72 µm²
1.42 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.3 µm² (21%)
A pixel on Panasonic FT30 sensor is approx. 21% bigger than a pixel on Canon ELPH 170 IS.
Pixel density
57.92 MP/cm²
70.11 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 12.19 µm (21%)
Canon ELPH 170 IS has approx. 21% higher pixel density than Panasonic FT30.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic FT30
Canon ELPH 170 IS
Crop factor
5.69
5.62
Total megapixels
16.60
20.50
Effective megapixels
16.10
20.00
Optical zoom
4x
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 (High Sensitivity Mode 1600 - 6400)
Auto, 100-1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
5 cm
Macro focus range
5 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
25 - 100 mm
25 - 300 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.9 - f5.7
f3.6 - f7.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f22.2 - f32.4
f20.2 - f39.3
Metering
Multi
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
8 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1300 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
4
5
Screen size
2.7"
2.7"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1280x720 (30p)
1280x720 (25p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Li-ion Battery Pack
Li-ion Battery NB-11L/ NB-11LH
Weight
144 g
141 g
Dimensions
103.7 x 58.3 x 19.7 mm
99.6 x 57.6 x 22.6 mm
Year
2015
2015




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic FT30 diagonal

The diagonal of FT30 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Canon ELPH 170 IS diagonal

The diagonal of ELPH 170 IS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

FT30 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

ELPH 170 IS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

FT30 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.31 µm
4627

ELPH 170 IS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5158 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.19 µm
5158


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

FT30 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.31 µm

Pixel area = 1.31² = 1.72 µm²

ELPH 170 IS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.19 µm

Pixel area = 1.19² = 1.42 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

FT30 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (4627 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 57.92 MP/cm²

ELPH 170 IS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5158 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5158 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 70.11 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

FT30 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  16.10 × 1000000  = 3479
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3479 × 1.33 = 4627
Resolution vertical: X = 3479

Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479

ELPH 170 IS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.00
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.00 × 1000000  = 3878
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3878 × 1.33 = 5158
Resolution vertical: X = 3878

Sensor resolution = 5158 x 3878


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


FT30 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

ELPH 170 IS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

FT30 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.9 - f5.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.9 - f5.7) × 5.69 = f22.2 - f32.4

ELPH 170 IS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.6 - f7.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.6 - f7.0) × 5.62 = f20.2 - f39.3

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