Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ2 vs. Canon PowerShot SX610 HS

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-TZ2 image
vs
PowerShot SX610 HS image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ2 Canon PowerShot SX610 HS
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Megapixels
6.00
20.20
Max. image resolution
2816 x 2112
5184 x 3888

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
2825 x 2124
5183 x 3897
Diagonal
7.60 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.03
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ2 Canon PowerShot SX610 HS
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0.74 mm² (3%)
SX610 HS sensor is slightly bigger than TZ2 sensor (only 3% difference).
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 8 years between Panasonic TZ2 (2007) and Canon SX610 HS (2015). Eight years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
2.15 µm
1.19 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.96 µm (81%)
Pixel pitch of TZ2 is approx. 81% higher than pixel pitch of SX610 HS.
Pixel area
4.62 µm²
1.42 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 3.2 µm² (225%)
A pixel on Panasonic TZ2 sensor is approx. 225% bigger than a pixel on Canon SX610 HS.
Pixel density
21.59 MP/cm²
70.79 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 49.2 µm (228%)
Canon SX610 HS has approx. 228% higher pixel density than Panasonic TZ2.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic TZ2
Canon SX610 HS
Crop factor
5.69
5.62
Total megapixels
7.40
21.10
Effective megapixels
6.00
20.20
Optical zoom
10x
18x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1250, 2000
Auto, 80-3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
5 cm
Macro focus range
5 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
28 - 280 mm
25 - 450 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.3 - f4.9
f3.8 - f6.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.8 - f27.9
f21.4 - f38.8
Metering
Centre weighted, Multi Spot, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
7
5
Screen size
2.5"
3"
Screen resolution
207,000 dots
922,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
Secure Digital
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB
USB 1.0
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion rechargeable
Battery Pack NB-6L/NB-6LH
Weight
222 g
191 g
Dimensions
105 x 59.2 x 36.7 mm
105.3 x 61 x 26.7 mm
Year
2007
2015




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic TZ2 diagonal

The diagonal of TZ2 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Canon SX610 HS diagonal

The diagonal of SX610 HS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

TZ2 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

SX610 HS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

TZ2 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 2.15 µm
2825

SX610 HS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.19 µm
5183


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

TZ2 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.15 µm

Pixel area = 2.15² = 4.62 µm²

SX610 HS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.19 µm

Pixel area = 1.19² = 1.42 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

TZ2 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2825 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (2825 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 21.59 MP/cm²

SX610 HS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5183 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 70.79 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

TZ2 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.00
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  6.00 × 1000000  = 2124
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2124 × 1.33 = 2825
Resolution vertical: X = 2124

Sensor resolution = 2825 x 2124

SX610 HS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.20 × 1000000  = 3897
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3897 × 1.33 = 5183
Resolution vertical: X = 3897

Sensor resolution = 5183 x 3897


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


TZ2 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

SX610 HS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

TZ2 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.3 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f4.9) × 5.69 = f18.8 - f27.9

SX610 HS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.8 - f6.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.8 - f6.9) × 5.62 = f21.4 - f38.8

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