Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ57 vs. Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ7

Comparison

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Lumix DMC-TZ57 image
vs
Lumix DMC-TZ7 image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ57 Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ7
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Megapixels
16.00
10.10
Max. image resolution
4608 x 3456
3648 x 2736

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
Sensor resolution
4612 x 3468
3665 x 2756
Diagonal
7.60 mm
7.60 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ57 Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ7
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 27.72 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
TZ57 and TZ7 sensors are the same size.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 6 years between Panasonic TZ57 (2015) and Panasonic TZ7 (2009). Six years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
1.32 µm
1.66 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.34 µm (26%)
Pixel pitch of TZ7 is approx. 26% higher than pixel pitch of TZ57.
Pixel area
1.74 µm²
2.76 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.02 µm² (59%)
A pixel on Panasonic TZ7 sensor is approx. 59% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic TZ57.
Pixel density
57.54 MP/cm²
36.34 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 21.2 µm (58%)
Panasonic TZ57 has approx. 58% higher pixel density than Panasonic TZ7.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic TZ57
Panasonic TZ7
Crop factor
5.69
5.69
Total megapixels
17.50
12.70
Effective megapixels
16.00
10.10
Optical zoom
20x
12x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 (High Sensitivity Mode 1600 - 6400)
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 - 6400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
50 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
3 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
24 - 480 mm
25 - 300 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
No
Max. aperture
f3.3 - f6.4
f3.3 - f4.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.8 - f36.4
f18.8 - f27.9
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Intelligent Multiple
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
No
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
60 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
4
5
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
1,040,000 dots
460,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
MultiMedia, SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Li-ion Battery Pack
Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery
Weight
248 g
229 g
Dimensions
107.9 x 59.9 x 32.1 mm
103.3 x 59.6 x 32.8 mm
Year
2015
2009




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic TZ57 diagonal

The diagonal of TZ57 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Panasonic TZ7 diagonal

The diagonal of TZ7 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

TZ57 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

TZ7 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

TZ57 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.32 µm
4612

TZ7 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3665 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.66 µm
3665


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

TZ57 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.32 µm

Pixel area = 1.32² = 1.74 µm²

TZ7 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.66 µm

Pixel area = 1.66² = 2.76 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

TZ57 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4612 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (4612 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 57.54 MP/cm²

TZ7 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3665 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (3665 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 36.34 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

TZ57 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.00
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  16.00 × 1000000  = 3468
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3468 × 1.33 = 4612
Resolution vertical: X = 3468

Sensor resolution = 4612 x 3468

TZ7 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  10.10 × 1000000  = 2756
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2756 × 1.33 = 3665
Resolution vertical: X = 2756

Sensor resolution = 3665 x 2756


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


TZ57 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

TZ7 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

TZ57 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.3 - f6.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f6.4) × 5.69 = f18.8 - f36.4

TZ7 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.3 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f4.9) × 5.69 = f18.8 - f27.9

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