Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1 vs. Fujifilm FinePix HS10

Comparison

change cameras »
Lumix DMC-ZX1 image
vs
FinePix HS10 image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1 Fujifilm FinePix HS10
check price » check price »
Megapixels
12.10
10.30
Max. image resolution
4000 x 3000
3648 x 2736

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.33" (~ 6.08 x 4.56 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
4011 x 3016
3701 x 2783
Diagonal
7.60 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.03
(ratio)
Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1 Fujifilm FinePix HS10
Surface area:
27.72 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0.74 mm² (3%)
HS10 sensor is slightly bigger than ZX1 sensor (only 3% difference).
Pixel pitch
1.52 µm
1.66 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.14 µm (9%)
Pixel pitch of HS10 is approx. 9% higher than pixel pitch of ZX1.
Pixel area
2.31 µm²
2.76 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.45 µm² (19%)
A pixel on Fujifilm HS10 sensor is approx. 19% bigger than a pixel on Panasonic ZX1.
Pixel density
43.52 MP/cm²
36.1 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 7.42 µm (21%)
Panasonic ZX1 has approx. 21% higher pixel density than Fujifilm HS10.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Panasonic ZX1
Fujifilm HS10
Crop factor
5.69
5.62
Total megapixels
12.70
Effective megapixels
12.10
10.30
Optical zoom
8x
30x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 - 6400
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
60 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
1 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
25 - 200 mm
24 - 720 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f3.3 - f5.9
f2.8 - f5.6
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f18.8 - f33.6
f15.7 - f31.5
Metering
Intelligent Multiple
TTL 256-zones metering
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
60 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Electronic
White balance presets
6
6
Screen size
2.7"
3"
Screen resolution
230,000 dots
230,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SDHC, Secure Digital
SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery
4 x AA batteries (Alkaline, NiMH or Lithium)
Weight
158 g
666 g
Dimensions
97.8 x 54.6 x 26.0 mm
130.6 x 90.7 x 126 mm
Year
2009
2010




Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Panasonic ZX1 diagonal

The diagonal of ZX1 sensor is not 1/2.33 or 0.43" (10.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.6 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.08 mm
h = 4.56 mm
Diagonal =  6.08² + 4.56²   = 7.60 mm

Fujifilm HS10 diagonal

The diagonal of HS10 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

ZX1 sensor area

Width = 6.08 mm
Height = 4.56 mm

Surface area = 6.08 × 4.56 = 27.72 mm²

HS10 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

ZX1 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.08  × 1000  = 1.52 µm
4011

HS10 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3701 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.66 µm
3701


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

ZX1 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.52 µm

Pixel area = 1.52² = 2.31 µm²

HS10 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.66 µm

Pixel area = 1.66² = 2.76 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

ZX1 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.608 cm

Pixel density = (4011 / 0.608)² / 1000000 = 43.52 MP/cm²

HS10 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3701 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (3701 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 36.1 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

ZX1 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.08 mm
Sensor height = 4.56 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.08/4.56 = 1.33
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 3016
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016

Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016

HS10 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 10.30
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  10.30 × 1000000  = 2783
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2783 × 1.33 = 3701
Resolution vertical: X = 2783

Sensor resolution = 3701 x 2783


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


ZX1 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.60 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.69
7.60

HS10 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

ZX1 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.69
Aperture = f3.3 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.3 - f5.9) × 5.69 = f18.8 - f33.6

HS10 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.6

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.6) × 5.62 = f15.7 - f31.5

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.