Pentax KP vs. Pentax *ist DS

Comparison

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KP image
vs
*ist DS image
Pentax KP Pentax *ist DS
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Megapixels
24.32
6.10
Max. image resolution
6016 x 4000
3008 x 2000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
23.5 x 15.6 mm
23.5 x 15.7 mm
Sensor resolution
6060 x 4013
3026 x 2017
Diagonal
28.21 mm
28.26 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.01
(ratio)
Pentax KP Pentax *ist DS
Surface area:
366.60 mm² vs 368.95 mm²
Difference: 2.35 mm² (0.6%)
*ist DS sensor is slightly bigger than KP sensor (only 0.6% difference).
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 13 years between Pentax KP (2017) and Pentax *ist DS (2004). Thirteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
3.88 µm
7.77 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 3.89 µm (100%)
Pixel pitch of *ist DS is approx. 100% higher than pixel pitch of KP.
Pixel area
15.05 µm²
60.37 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 45.32 µm² (301%)
A pixel on Pentax *ist DS sensor is approx. 301% bigger than a pixel on Pentax KP.
Pixel density
6.65 MP/cm²
1.66 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 4.99 µm (301%)
Pentax KP has approx. 301% higher pixel density than Pentax *ist DS.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Specs

Pentax KP
Pentax *ist DS
Crop factor
1.53
1.53
Total megapixels
24.96
6.31
Effective megapixels
24.32
6.10
Optical zoom
 
Digital zoom
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100-819200
200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-segment, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
Bulb+30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/6000 sec
1/4000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (pentaprism)
Optical (pentaprism)
White balance presets
9
6
Screen size
3"
2"
Screen resolution
921,600 dots
210,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (60i/50i/30p/25p/24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
D-LI109 lithium-ion battery
AA (4) batteries (NiMH recommended)
Weight
699 g
505 g
Dimensions
132 x 101 x 76 mm
125 x 93 x 66 mm
Year
2017
2004



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vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Pentax KP diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm

Pentax *ist DS diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.70 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.70²   = 28.26 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

KP sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²

*ist DS sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.70 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.70 = 368.95 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

KP pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6060 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.88 µm
6060

*ist DS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 3026 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 7.77 µm
3026


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

KP pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.88 µm

Pixel area = 3.88² = 15.05 µm²

*ist DS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 7.77 µm

Pixel area = 7.77² = 60.37 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

KP pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6060 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6060 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.65 MP/cm²

*ist DS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 3026 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (3026 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 1.66 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

KP sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.32
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.32 × 1000000  = 4013
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4013 × 1.51 = 6060
Resolution vertical: X = 4013

Sensor resolution = 6060 x 4013

*ist DS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.70 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.10
r = 23.50/15.70 = 1.5
X =  6.10 × 1000000  = 2017
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2017 × 1.5 = 3026
Resolution vertical: X = 2017

Sensor resolution = 3026 x 2017


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


KP crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

*ist DS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.26 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.26

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

KP equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Pentax KP, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Pentax KP is 1.53

*ist DS equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Pentax *ist DS, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Pentax *ist DS is 1.53

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