Ricoh GR IIIx vs. Canon PowerShot SX230 HS

Comparison

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GR IIIx image
vs
PowerShot SX230 HS image
Ricoh GR IIIx Canon PowerShot SX230 HS
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Megapixels
24.24
12.10
Max. image resolution
6000 x 4000
4000 x 3000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
23.5 x 15.6 mm
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
6051 x 4007
4011 x 3016
Diagonal
28.21 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
12.88 : 1
(ratio)
Ricoh GR IIIx Canon PowerShot SX230 HS
Surface area:
366.60 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 338.14 mm² (1188%)
GR IIIx sensor is approx. 12.88x bigger than SX230 HS sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 10 years between Ricoh GR IIIx (2021) and Canon SX230 HS (2011). Ten years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
3.88 µm
1.54 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.34 µm (152%)
Pixel pitch of GR IIIx is approx. 152% higher than pixel pitch of SX230 HS.
Pixel area
15.05 µm²
2.37 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 12.68 µm² (535%)
A pixel on Ricoh GR IIIx sensor is approx. 535% bigger than a pixel on Canon SX230 HS.
Pixel density
6.63 MP/cm²
42.4 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 35.77 µm (540%)
Canon SX230 HS has approx. 540% higher pixel density than Ricoh GR IIIx.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Ricoh GR IIIx
Canon SX230 HS
Crop factor
1.53
5.62
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
24.24
12.10
Optical zoom
1x
14x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100-102400
Auto, 100 - 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
20 cm
40 cm
Macro focus range
12 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
40 mm
28 - 392 mm
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8
f3.1 - f5.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f4.3
f17.4 - f33.2
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
Centre weighted, Evaluative, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/4000 sec
1-3200 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Electronic and Optical (optional)
None
White balance presets
8
8
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
1,036,800 dots
461,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (60p/​30p/​24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SDHC, SDXC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
DB-110 lithium-ion battery
Lithium-Ion NB-5L rechargeable battery
Weight
262 g
223 g
Dimensions
109.4 x 61.9 x 35.2 mm
105.7 x 61.6 x 33.2 mm
Year
2021
2011




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Ricoh GR IIIx diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm

Canon SX230 HS diagonal

The diagonal of SX230 HS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

GR IIIx sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²

SX230 HS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

GR IIIx pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6051 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.88 µm
6051

SX230 HS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.54 µm
4011


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

GR IIIx pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.88 µm

Pixel area = 3.88² = 15.05 µm²

SX230 HS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.54 µm

Pixel area = 1.54² = 2.37 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

GR IIIx pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6051 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6051 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.63 MP/cm²

SX230 HS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4011 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4011 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 42.4 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

GR IIIx sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.24
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.24 × 1000000  = 4007
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4007 × 1.51 = 6051
Resolution vertical: X = 4007

Sensor resolution = 6051 x 4007

SX230 HS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 3016
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3016 × 1.33 = 4011
Resolution vertical: X = 3016

Sensor resolution = 4011 x 3016


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


GR IIIx crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

SX230 HS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

GR IIIx equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 1.53
Aperture = f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8) × 1.53 = f4.3

SX230 HS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.1 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.1 - f5.9) × 5.62 = f17.4 - f33.2

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