Sony Cyber-shot DSC-TX30 vs. Sony Cyber-shot DSC-T1

Comparison

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Cyber-shot DSC-TX30 image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-T1 image
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-TX30 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-T1
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Megapixels
18.20
5.10
Max. image resolution
4896 x 3672
2592 x 1944

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.4" (~ 5.90 x 4.43 mm)
Sensor resolution
4920 x 3699
2604 x 1958
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.38 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.09 : 1
(ratio)
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-TX30 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-T1
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 26.14 mm²
Difference: 2.32 mm² (9%)
TX30 sensor is approx. 1.09x bigger than T1 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 10 years between Sony TX30 (2013) and Sony T1 (2003). Ten years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
1.25 µm
2.27 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.02 µm (82%)
Pixel pitch of T1 is approx. 82% higher than pixel pitch of TX30.
Pixel area
1.56 µm²
5.15 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 3.59 µm² (230%)
A pixel on Sony T1 sensor is approx. 230% bigger than a pixel on Sony TX30.
Pixel density
63.79 MP/cm²
19.48 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 44.31 µm (227%)
Sony TX30 has approx. 227% higher pixel density than Sony T1.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Sony TX30
Sony T1
Crop factor
5.62
5.86
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
18.20
Optical zoom
5x
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80 - 12800
Auto
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
25 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
8 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
26-130 mm
38 - 114 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.5 - f4.8
f3.5 - f4.4
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f19.7 - f27
f20.5 - f25.8
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Matrix, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
4 sec
1 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1600 sec
1/1000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
7
6
Screen size
3.3"
2.5"
Screen resolution
1,229,760 dots
211,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Memory Stick Duo/Pro Duo/Pro-HG Duo/XC-HG Duo
Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Rechargeable Battery Pack (NP-BN)
InfoLithium (NP-FT1)
Weight
140 g
180 g
Dimensions
96.4 x 59.3 x 15.4 mm
91 x 60 x 21 mm
Year
2013
2003




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vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Sony TX30 diagonal

The diagonal of TX30 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Sony T1 diagonal

The diagonal of T1 sensor is not 1/2.4 or 0.42" (10.6 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.38 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.90 mm
h = 4.43 mm
Diagonal =  5.90² + 4.43²   = 7.38 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

TX30 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

T1 sensor area

Width = 5.90 mm
Height = 4.43 mm

Surface area = 5.90 × 4.43 = 26.14 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

TX30 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4920 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.25 µm
4920

T1 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.90 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2604 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.90  × 1000  = 2.27 µm
2604


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

TX30 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.25 µm

Pixel area = 1.25² = 1.56 µm²

T1 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.27 µm

Pixel area = 2.27² = 5.15 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

TX30 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4920 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4920 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 63.79 MP/cm²

T1 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2604 pixels
Sensor width = 0.59 cm

Pixel density = (2604 / 0.59)² / 1000000 = 19.48 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

TX30 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  18.20 × 1000000  = 3699
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3699 × 1.33 = 4920
Resolution vertical: X = 3699

Sensor resolution = 4920 x 3699

T1 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.90 mm
Sensor height = 4.43 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.10
r = 5.90/4.43 = 1.33
X =  5.10 × 1000000  = 1958
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1958 × 1.33 = 2604
Resolution vertical: X = 1958

Sensor resolution = 2604 x 1958


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


TX30 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

T1 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.38 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.86
7.38

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

TX30 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.5 - f4.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f4.8) × 5.62 = f19.7 - f27

T1 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.86
Aperture = f3.5 - f4.4

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f4.4) × 5.86 = f20.5 - f25.8

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