Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W12 vs. Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W350

Comparison

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Cyber-shot DSC-W12 image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-W350 image
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W12 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W350
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Megapixels
5.22
14.50
Max. image resolution
2592 x 1944
4320 x 3240

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/1.8" (~ 7.11 x 5.33 mm)
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
2635 x 1981
4392 x 3302
Diagonal
8.89 mm
7.70 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.33 : 1
(ratio)
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W12 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W350
Surface area:
37.90 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 9.44 mm² (33%)
W12 sensor is approx. 1.33x bigger than W350 sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 6 years between Sony W12 (2004) and Sony W350 (2010). Six years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
2.7 µm
1.4 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 1.3 µm (93%)
Pixel pitch of W12 is approx. 93% higher than pixel pitch of W350.
Pixel area
7.29 µm²
1.96 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 5.33 µm² (272%)
A pixel on Sony W12 sensor is approx. 272% bigger than a pixel on Sony W350.
Pixel density
13.73 MP/cm²
50.84 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 37.11 µm (270%)
Sony W350 has approx. 270% higher pixel density than Sony W12.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Sony W12
Sony W350
Crop factor
4.87
5.62
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
Optical zoom
Yes
4x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100, 200, 400
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 1600, 3200
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
50 cm
4 cm
Macro focus range
6 cm
4 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
38 - 114 mm
26 - 105 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f2.8 - f5.6
f2.7 - f5.7
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f13.6 - f27.3
f15.2 - f32
Metering
Multi Spot, Spot
Centre weighted, Multi-pattern, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
2 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1600 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical
None
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
2.5"
2.7"
Screen resolution
123,200 dots
230,400 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
Memory Stick, Memory Stick Pro
Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo, SDHC, Secure Digital
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
2x AA
Lithium-Ion NP-BN1 battery
Weight
189 g
117 g
Dimensions
91 x 60 x 33 mm
91 x 52 x 17 mm
Year
2004
2010




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vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Sony W12 diagonal

The diagonal of W12 sensor is not 1/1.8 or 0.56" (14.1 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8.89 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.11 mm
h = 5.33 mm
Diagonal =  7.11² + 5.33²   = 8.89 mm

Sony W350 diagonal

The diagonal of W350 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

W12 sensor area

Width = 7.11 mm
Height = 5.33 mm

Surface area = 7.11 × 5.33 = 37.90 mm²

W350 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

W12 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2635 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.11  × 1000  = 2.7 µm
2635

W350 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4392 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.4 µm
4392


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

W12 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.7 µm

Pixel area = 2.7² = 7.29 µm²

W350 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.4 µm

Pixel area = 1.4² = 1.96 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

W12 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2635 pixels
Sensor width = 0.711 cm

Pixel density = (2635 / 0.711)² / 1000000 = 13.73 MP/cm²

W350 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4392 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4392 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 50.84 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

W12 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor height = 5.33 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.22
r = 7.11/5.33 = 1.33
X =  5.22 × 1000000  = 1981
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1981 × 1.33 = 2635
Resolution vertical: X = 1981

Sensor resolution = 2635 x 1981

W350 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 14.50
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  14.50 × 1000000  = 3302
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3302 × 1.33 = 4392
Resolution vertical: X = 3302

Sensor resolution = 4392 x 3302


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


W12 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.89 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.87
8.89

W350 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

W12 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.87
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.6

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.6) × 4.87 = f13.6 - f27.3

W350 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f2.7 - f5.7

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.7 - f5.7) × 5.62 = f15.2 - f32

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