Yakumo Mega Image VI vs. Canon PowerShot S40

Comparison

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Mega Image VI image
vs
PowerShot S40 image
Yakumo Mega Image VI Canon PowerShot S40
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Megapixels
3.00
3.90
Max. image resolution
2048 x 1536
2272 x 1740

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/1.8" (~ 7.11 x 5.33 mm)
1/1.8" (~ 7.11 x 5.33 mm)
Sensor resolution
1998 x 1502
2277 x 1712
Diagonal
8.89 mm
8.89 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Yakumo Mega Image VI Canon PowerShot S40
Surface area:
37.90 mm² vs 37.90 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
VI and S40 sensors are the same size.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Yakumo VI (2003) and Canon S40 (2001). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.56 µm
3.12 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.44 µm (14%)
Pixel pitch of VI is approx. 14% higher than pixel pitch of S40.
Pixel area
12.67 µm²
9.73 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 2.94 µm² (30%)
A pixel on Yakumo VI sensor is approx. 30% bigger than a pixel on Canon S40.
Pixel density
7.9 MP/cm²
10.26 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 2.36 µm (30%)
Canon S40 has approx. 30% higher pixel density than Yakumo VI.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Yakumo VI
Canon S40
Crop factor
4.87
4.87
Total megapixels
4.10
Effective megapixels
3.90
Optical zoom
No
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
80 cm
80 cm
Macro focus range
45 cm
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
35 - 105 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8
f2.8 - f4.9
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f13.6
f13.6 - f23.9
Metering
Centre weighted
Centre weighted, Evaluative, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/300 sec
1/1500 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
1.5"
1.8"
Screen resolution
118,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
MultiMedia, Secure Digital
CompactFlash type I, CompactFlash type II, Microdrive
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
2x AA
Canon Lithium-Ion
Weight
138 g
260 g
Dimensions
96 x 62 x 35 mm
112 x 58 x 42 mm
Year
2003
2001




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Yakumo VI diagonal

The diagonal of VI sensor is not 1/1.8 or 0.56" (14.1 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8.89 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.11 mm
h = 5.33 mm
Diagonal =  7.11² + 5.33²   = 8.89 mm

Canon S40 diagonal

The diagonal of S40 sensor is not 1/1.8 or 0.56" (14.1 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8.89 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.11 mm
h = 5.33 mm
Diagonal =  7.11² + 5.33²   = 8.89 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

VI sensor area

Width = 7.11 mm
Height = 5.33 mm

Surface area = 7.11 × 5.33 = 37.90 mm²

S40 sensor area

Width = 7.11 mm
Height = 5.33 mm

Surface area = 7.11 × 5.33 = 37.90 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

VI pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1998 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.11  × 1000  = 3.56 µm
1998

S40 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2277 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.11  × 1000  = 3.12 µm
2277


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

VI pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.56 µm

Pixel area = 3.56² = 12.67 µm²

S40 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.12 µm

Pixel area = 3.12² = 9.73 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

VI pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1998 pixels
Sensor width = 0.711 cm

Pixel density = (1998 / 0.711)² / 1000000 = 7.9 MP/cm²

S40 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2277 pixels
Sensor width = 0.711 cm

Pixel density = (2277 / 0.711)² / 1000000 = 10.26 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

VI sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor height = 5.33 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.00
r = 7.11/5.33 = 1.33
X =  3.00 × 1000000  = 1502
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1502 × 1.33 = 1998
Resolution vertical: X = 1502

Sensor resolution = 1998 x 1502

S40 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor height = 5.33 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.90
r = 7.11/5.33 = 1.33
X =  3.90 × 1000000  = 1712
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1712 × 1.33 = 2277
Resolution vertical: X = 1712

Sensor resolution = 2277 x 1712


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


VI crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.89 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.87
8.89

S40 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.89 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.87
8.89

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

VI equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.87
Aperture = f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8) × 4.87 = f13.6

S40 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.87
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.9) × 4.87 = f13.6 - f23.9

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