Yakumo Mega Image X vs. Yakumo Mega Image XS

Comparison

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Mega Image X image
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Mega Image XS image
Yakumo Mega Image X Yakumo Mega Image XS
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Megapixels
5.00
3.10
Max. image resolution
4032 x 3024
2048 x 1536

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CMOS
Sensor size
1/1.8" (~ 7.11 x 5.33 mm)
1/2" (~ 6.4 x 4.8 mm)
Sensor resolution
2579 x 1939
2031 x 1527
Diagonal
8.89 mm
8.00 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.23 : 1
(ratio)
Yakumo Mega Image X Yakumo Mega Image XS
Surface area:
37.90 mm² vs 30.72 mm²
Difference: 7.18 mm² (23%)
X sensor is approx. 1.23x bigger than XS sensor.
Pixel pitch
2.76 µm
3.15 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.39 µm (14%)
Pixel pitch of XS is approx. 14% higher than pixel pitch of X.
Pixel area
7.62 µm²
9.92 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 2.3 µm² (30%)
A pixel on Yakumo XS sensor is approx. 30% bigger than a pixel on Yakumo X.
Pixel density
13.16 MP/cm²
10.07 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 3.09 µm (31%)
Yakumo X has approx. 31% higher pixel density than Yakumo XS.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Yakumo X
Yakumo XS
Crop factor
4.87
5.41
Total megapixels
Effective megapixels
Optical zoom
No
No
Digital zoom
Yes
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto
Auto
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
200 cm
100 cm
Macro focus range
110 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
40 mm
33 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f14.6
n/a
Metering
Centre weighted
Centre weighted, Multi-segment
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
1/4 sec
1/30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1000 sec
1/3000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical
Optical
White balance presets
6
6
Screen size
1.5"
1.5"
Screen resolution
130,338 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
Secure Digital
Secure Digital
USB
USB 1.1
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
2x AA
3x AAA
Weight
85 g
115 g
Dimensions
87 x 60 x 25 mm
90 x 63 x 29 mm
Year
2005
2006




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Yakumo X diagonal

The diagonal of X sensor is not 1/1.8 or 0.56" (14.1 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8.89 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.11 mm
h = 5.33 mm
Diagonal =  7.11² + 5.33²   = 8.89 mm

Yakumo XS diagonal

The diagonal of XS sensor is not 1/2 or 0.5" (12.7 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 8 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.40 mm
h = 4.80 mm
Diagonal =  6.40² + 4.80²   = 8.00 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

X sensor area

Width = 7.11 mm
Height = 5.33 mm

Surface area = 7.11 × 5.33 = 37.90 mm²

XS sensor area

Width = 6.40 mm
Height = 4.80 mm

Surface area = 6.40 × 4.80 = 30.72 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

X pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2579 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.11  × 1000  = 2.76 µm
2579

XS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.40  × 1000  = 3.15 µm
2031


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

X pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.76 µm

Pixel area = 2.76² = 7.62 µm²

XS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.15 µm

Pixel area = 3.15² = 9.92 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

X pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2579 pixels
Sensor width = 0.711 cm

Pixel density = (2579 / 0.711)² / 1000000 = 13.16 MP/cm²

XS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2031 pixels
Sensor width = 0.64 cm

Pixel density = (2031 / 0.64)² / 1000000 = 10.07 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

X sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.11 mm
Sensor height = 5.33 mm
Effective megapixels = 5.00
r = 7.11/5.33 = 1.33
X =  5.00 × 1000000  = 1939
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1939 × 1.33 = 2579
Resolution vertical: X = 1939

Sensor resolution = 2579 x 1939

XS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.40 mm
Sensor height = 4.80 mm
Effective megapixels = 3.10
r = 6.40/4.80 = 1.33
X =  3.10 × 1000000  = 1527
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1527 × 1.33 = 2031
Resolution vertical: X = 1527

Sensor resolution = 2031 x 1527


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


X crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.89 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.87
8.89

XS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 8.00 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.41
8.00

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

X equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.87
Aperture = f3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3) × 4.87 = f14.6

XS equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Yakumo XS, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Yakumo XS is 5.41

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