Nikon Coolpix L320 vs. Fujifilm FinePix S4300

Comparison

Coolpix L320 image
vs.
FinePix S4300 image

Comparison

Nikon Coolpix L320 Fujifilm FinePix S4300
Megapixels
16.10 14.00
Max. resolution
4608 x 3456 4288 x 3216
Price
Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama Amazon, B&H Photo, Adorama

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD n/a
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm) 1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
4627 x 3479  4315 x 3244 
Diagonal
7.70 mm  7.70 mm 
Surface area
28.46 mm²  28.46 mm² 
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective, because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »
Actual sensor sizes:
Nikon Coolpix L320
vs.
Fujifilm FinePix S4300
 
Surface area:
Nikon Coolpix L320
Fujifilm FinePix S4300
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
Nikon Coolpix L320 and Fujifilm FinePix S4300 have the same surface area.
Pixel pitch
1.33 µm  1.43 µm 
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Pixel pitch
Nikon Coolpix L320
Fujifilm FinePix S4300
Difference: 0.1 µm (8%)
Pixel pitch of Fujifilm FinePix S4300 is approx. 8% higher than pixel pitch of Nikon Coolpix L320.
Pixel area
1.77 µm²  2.04 µm² 
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
Nikon Coolpix L320
vs.
Fujifilm FinePix S4300
Pixel area difference: 0.27 µm² (15%)
A pixel on Fujifilm FinePix S4300 sensor is approx. 15% bigger than a pixel on Nikon Coolpix L320.
Pixel density
56.42 MP/cm²  49.07 MP/cm² 
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Pixel density
Nikon Coolpix L320
Fujifilm FinePix S4300
Difference: 7.35 MP/cm² (15%)
Nikon Coolpix L320 has approx. 15% higher pixel density than Fujifilm FinePix S4300.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Other specifications

Crop factor
5.62  5.62 
Total megapixels
16.44 n/a
Effective megapixels
16.10 n/a
Optical zoom
26x n/a
Digital zoom
Yes n/a
Iso
Auto, 80 - 1600 n/a
Auto focus
Yes n/a
Manual focus
No n/a
Normal focus range
50 cm n/a
Macro focus range
1 cm n/a
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
22.5 - 585 mm n/a
Aperture priority
No n/a
Aperture
f3.1 - f5.9 n/a
Aperture (35mm equiv.)
f17.4 - f33.2  n/a 
Metering
Matrix, Center-weighted, Spot n/a
Exposure compensation
-2EV - +2EV with 1/3EV steps n/a
Shutter priority
No n/a
Min. shutter speed
4 sec n/a
Max. shutter speed
1/1500 sec n/a
Flash modes
Auto, Anti red-eye, Fill in, Off, Slow flash n/a
Built-in flash
Yes n/a
External flash
No n/a
Viewfinder
None Electronic
White balance presets
n/a n/a
LCD display
Yes n/a
LCD size
3" n/a
LCD resolution
230,000 n/a
Min. image resolution
640 x 480 n/a
Selftimer
Yes n/a
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC n/a
USB
USB 2.0 Hi-Speed n/a
Batteries
4 x AA batteries n/a
Weight
430 g n/a
Dimensions
111.1 x 76.3 x 83.1 mm n/a
Year
2013 2012



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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Nikon Coolpix L320 diagonal

The diagonal of Nikon Coolpix L320 image sensor is not 1/2.3 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 diagonal

The diagonal of Fujifilm FinePix S4300 image sensor is not 1/2.3 inch as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

Nikon Coolpix L320 surface area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 surface area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

Nikon Coolpix L320 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.33 µm
4627

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4315 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.43 µm
4315


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

Nikon Coolpix L320 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.33 µm

Pixel area = 1.33² = 1.77 µm²

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.43 µm

Pixel area = 1.43² = 2.04 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

You could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

Nikon Coolpix L320 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4627 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4627 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 56.42 MP/cm²

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4315 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (4315 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 49.07 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always. 22.8 × 15.5 sensor for example has a ratio of 1.47.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

Nikon Coolpix L320 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 16.10
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  16.10 × 1000000  = 3479
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3479 × 1.33 = 4627
Resolution vertical: X = 3479

Sensor resolution = 4627 x 3479

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 14.00
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  14.00 × 1000000  = 3244
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3244 × 1.33 = 4315
Resolution vertical: X = 3244

Sensor resolution = 4315 x 3244


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


Nikon Coolpix L320 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

Nikon Coolpix L320 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.1 - f5.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.1 - f5.9) × 5.62 = f17.4 - f33.2

Fujifilm FinePix S4300 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Fujifilm FinePix S4300, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Fujifilm FinePix S4300 is 5.62


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