Canon EOS 5DS vs. Nikon D700

Comparison

change cameras »
EOS 5DS image
vs
D700 image
Canon EOS 5DS Nikon D700
check price » check price »
Megapixels
50.60
12.10
Max. image resolution
8688 x 5792
4256 x 2832

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
36 x 24 mm
36 x 23.9 mm
Sensor resolution
8712 x 5808
4275 x 2831
Diagonal
43.27 mm
43.21 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1
(ratio)
Canon EOS 5DS Nikon D700
Surface area:
864.00 mm² vs 860.40 mm²
Difference: 3.6 mm² (0.4%)
5DS sensor is slightly bigger than D700 sensor (only 0.4% difference).
Note: You are comparing sensors of very different generations. There is a gap of 7 years between Canon 5DS (2015) and Nikon D700 (2008). Seven years is a lot of time in terms of technology, meaning newer sensors are overall much more efficient than the older ones.
Pixel pitch
4.13 µm
8.42 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 4.29 µm (104%)
Pixel pitch of D700 is approx. 104% higher than pixel pitch of 5DS.
Pixel area
17.06 µm²
70.9 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 53.84 µm² (316%)
A pixel on Nikon D700 sensor is approx. 316% bigger than a pixel on Canon 5DS.
Pixel density
5.86 MP/cm²
1.41 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 4.45 µm (316%)
Canon 5DS has approx. 316% higher pixel density than Nikon D700.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.

Specs

Canon 5DS
Nikon D700
Crop factor
1
1
Total megapixels
53.00
12.87
Effective megapixels
50.60
12.10
Optical zoom
Digital zoom
No
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 100 - 6400 (expands to 12800)
Auto, 100 - 25600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
Macro focus range
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
Aperture priority
Yes
Yes
Max. aperture
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
n/a
n/a
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot, Partial
3D Matrix metering II, Centre weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 1 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Yes
Yes
Min. shutter speed
30 sec
30 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/8000 sec
1/8000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
Optical (pentaprism)
Optical (pentaprism)
White balance presets
8
12
Screen size
3.2"
3"
Screen resolution
1,040,000 dots
920,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p/25p/24p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC, CompactFlash
CompactFlash type I, CompactFlash type II, Microdrive
USB
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Battery Pack LP-E6
Lithium-Ion EN-EL3e rechargeable battery
Weight
930 g
1074 g
Dimensions
152 x 116.4 x 76.4 mm
147 x 123 x 77 mm
Year
2015
2008



Choose cameras to compare

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon 5DS diagonal

w = 36.00 mm
h = 24.00 mm
Diagonal =  36.00² + 24.00²   = 43.27 mm

Nikon D700 diagonal

w = 36.00 mm
h = 23.90 mm
Diagonal =  36.00² + 23.90²   = 43.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

5DS sensor area

Width = 36.00 mm
Height = 24.00 mm

Surface area = 36.00 × 24.00 = 864.00 mm²

D700 sensor area

Width = 36.00 mm
Height = 23.90 mm

Surface area = 36.00 × 23.90 = 860.40 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

5DS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 8712 pixels
Pixel pitch =   36.00  × 1000  = 4.13 µm
8712

D700 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor resolution width = 4275 pixels
Pixel pitch =   36.00  × 1000  = 8.42 µm
4275


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

5DS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.13 µm

Pixel area = 4.13² = 17.06 µm²

D700 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 8.42 µm

Pixel area = 8.42² = 70.9 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

5DS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 8712 pixels
Sensor width = 3.6 cm

Pixel density = (8712 / 3.6)² / 1000000 = 5.86 MP/cm²

D700 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 4275 pixels
Sensor width = 3.6 cm

Pixel density = (4275 / 3.6)² / 1000000 = 1.41 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

5DS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor height = 24.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 50.60
r = 36.00/24.00 = 1.5
X =  50.60 × 1000000  = 5808
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 5808 × 1.5 = 8712
Resolution vertical: X = 5808

Sensor resolution = 8712 x 5808

D700 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 36.00 mm
Sensor height = 23.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 12.10
r = 36.00/23.90 = 1.51
X =  12.10 × 1000000  = 2831
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2831 × 1.51 = 4275
Resolution vertical: X = 2831

Sensor resolution = 4275 x 2831


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


5DS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.27 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.27

D700 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 43.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1
43.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

5DS equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 5DS, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Canon 5DS is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.

D700 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D700, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Since crop factor for Nikon D700 is 1, the equivalent aperture is aperture.

Enter your screen size (diagonal)

My screen size is  inches



Actual size is currently adjusted to screen.

If your screen (phone, tablet, or monitor) is not in diagonal, then the actual size of a sensor won't be shown correctly.