Canon IXY DIGITAL L vs. Fujifilm FinePix F11 Zoom

Comparison

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IXY DIGITAL L image
vs
FinePix F11 Zoom image
Canon IXY DIGITAL L Fujifilm FinePix F11 Zoom
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Megapixels
4.00
6.10
Max. image resolution
2272 x 1704
2848 x 2136

Sensor

Sensor type
CCD
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.5" (~ 5.75 x 4.32 mm)
1/1.7" (~ 7.53 x 5.64 mm)
Sensor resolution
2306 x 1734
2860 x 2134
Diagonal
7.19 mm
9.41 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1 : 1.71
(ratio)
Canon IXY DIGITAL L Fujifilm FinePix F11 Zoom
Surface area:
24.84 mm² vs 42.47 mm²
Difference: 17.63 mm² (71%)
F11 Zoom sensor is approx. 1.71x bigger than IXY DIGITAL L sensor.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 2 year gap between Canon IXY DIGITAL L (2003) and Fujifilm F11 Zoom (2005). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
2.49 µm
2.63 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 0.14 µm (6%)
Pixel pitch of F11 Zoom is approx. 6% higher than pixel pitch of IXY DIGITAL L.
Pixel area
6.2 µm²
6.92 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0.72 µm² (12%)
A pixel on Fujifilm F11 Zoom sensor is approx. 12% bigger than a pixel on Canon IXY DIGITAL L.
Pixel density
16.08 MP/cm²
14.43 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 1.65 µm (11%)
Canon IXY DIGITAL L has approx. 11% higher pixel density than Fujifilm F11 Zoom.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon IXY DIGITAL L
Fujifilm F11 Zoom
Crop factor
6.02
4.6
Total megapixels
4.20
6.30
Effective megapixels
4.00
6.10
Optical zoom
1x
3x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
Auto, 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
10 cm
60 cm
Macro focus range
3 cm
5 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
39 mm
36 - 108 mm
Aperture priority
No
Yes
Max. aperture
f2.8
f2.8 - f5.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f16.9
f12.9 - f23
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Average, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
Yes
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
3 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/1500 sec
1/2000 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
None
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
1.5"
2.5"
Screen resolution
78,000 dots
153,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
Storage types
SD/MMC card
xD Picture Card
USB
USB 1.0
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion NB-3L battery
Lithium-Ion (NP-120)
Weight
140 g
190 g
Dimensions
90 x 47 x 19 mm
92 x 58 x 27 mm
Year
2003
2005




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon IXY DIGITAL L diagonal

The diagonal of IXY DIGITAL L sensor is not 1/2.5 or 0.4" (10.2 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.19 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.75 mm
h = 4.32 mm
Diagonal =  5.75² + 4.32²   = 7.19 mm

Fujifilm F11 Zoom diagonal

The diagonal of F11 Zoom sensor is not 1/1.7 or 0.59" (14.9 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 9.41 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 7.53 mm
h = 5.64 mm
Diagonal =  7.53² + 5.64²   = 9.41 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

IXY DIGITAL L sensor area

Width = 5.75 mm
Height = 4.32 mm

Surface area = 5.75 × 4.32 = 24.84 mm²

F11 Zoom sensor area

Width = 7.53 mm
Height = 5.64 mm

Surface area = 7.53 × 5.64 = 42.47 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

IXY DIGITAL L pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.75  × 1000  = 2.49 µm
2306

F11 Zoom pixel pitch

Sensor width = 7.53 mm
Sensor resolution width = 2860 pixels
Pixel pitch =   7.53  × 1000  = 2.63 µm
2860


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

IXY DIGITAL L pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.49 µm

Pixel area = 2.49² = 6.2 µm²

F11 Zoom pixel area

Pixel pitch = 2.63 µm

Pixel area = 2.63² = 6.92 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

IXY DIGITAL L pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2306 pixels
Sensor width = 0.575 cm

Pixel density = (2306 / 0.575)² / 1000000 = 16.08 MP/cm²

F11 Zoom pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 2860 pixels
Sensor width = 0.753 cm

Pixel density = (2860 / 0.753)² / 1000000 = 14.43 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

IXY DIGITAL L sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.75 mm
Sensor height = 4.32 mm
Effective megapixels = 4.00
r = 5.75/4.32 = 1.33
X =  4.00 × 1000000  = 1734
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1734 × 1.33 = 2306
Resolution vertical: X = 1734

Sensor resolution = 2306 x 1734

F11 Zoom sensor resolution

Sensor width = 7.53 mm
Sensor height = 5.64 mm
Effective megapixels = 6.10
r = 7.53/5.64 = 1.34
X =  6.10 × 1000000  = 2134
1.34
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 2134 × 1.34 = 2860
Resolution vertical: X = 2134

Sensor resolution = 2860 x 2134


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


IXY DIGITAL L crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.19 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.02
7.19

F11 Zoom crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 9.41 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 4.6
9.41

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

IXY DIGITAL L equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.02
Aperture = f2.8

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8) × 6.02 = f16.9

F11 Zoom equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 4.6
Aperture = f2.8 - f5.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f5.0) × 4.6 = f12.9 - f23

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