Canon PowerShot SX610 HS vs. Canon PowerShot S200 DIGITAL ELPH

Comparison

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PowerShot SX610 HS image
vs
PowerShot S200 DIGITAL ELPH image
Canon PowerShot SX610 HS Canon PowerShot S200 DIGITAL ELPH
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Megapixels
20.20
2.00
Max. image resolution
5184 x 3888
1600 x 1200

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CCD
Sensor size
1/2.3" (~ 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.7" (~ 5.33 x 4 mm)
Sensor resolution
5183 x 3897
1631 x 1226
Diagonal
7.70 mm
6.66 mm
Sensor size comparison
Sensor size is generally a good indicator of the quality of the camera. Sensors can vary greatly in size. As a general rule, the bigger the sensor, the better the image quality.

Bigger sensors are more effective because they have more surface area to capture light. An important factor when comparing digital cameras is also camera generation. Generally, newer sensors will outperform the older.

Learn more about sensor sizes »

Actual sensor size

Note: Actual size is set to screen → change »
vs
1.33 : 1
(ratio)
Canon PowerShot SX610 HS Canon PowerShot S200 DIGITAL ELPH
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 21.32 mm²
Difference: 7.14 mm² (33%)
SX610 HS sensor is approx. 1.33x bigger than S200 DIGITAL ELPH sensor.
Note: You are comparing sensors of vastly different generations. There is a gap of 13 years between Canon SX610 HS (2015) and Canon S200 DIGITAL ELPH (2002). Thirteen years is a huge amount of time, technology wise, resulting in newer sensor being much more efficient than the older one.
Pixel pitch
1.19 µm
3.27 µm
Pixel pitch tells you the distance from the center of one pixel (photosite) to the center of the next. It tells you how close the pixels are to each other.

The bigger the pixel pitch, the further apart they are and the bigger each pixel is. Bigger pixels tend to have better signal to noise ratio and greater dynamic range.
Difference: 2.08 µm (175%)
Pixel pitch of S200 DIGITAL ELPH is approx. 175% higher than pixel pitch of SX610 HS.
Pixel area
1.42 µm²
10.69 µm²
Pixel or photosite area affects how much light per pixel can be gathered. The larger it is the more light can be collected by a single pixel.

Larger pixels have the potential to collect more photons, resulting in greater dynamic range, while smaller pixels provide higher resolutions (more detail) for a given sensor size.
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 9.27 µm² (653%)
A pixel on Canon S200 DIGITAL ELPH sensor is approx. 653% bigger than a pixel on Canon SX610 HS.
Pixel density
70.79 MP/cm²
9.36 MP/cm²
Pixel density tells you how many million pixels fit or would fit in one square cm of the sensor.

Higher pixel density means smaller pixels and lower pixel density means larger pixels.
Difference: 61.43 µm (656%)
Canon SX610 HS has approx. 656% higher pixel density than Canon S200 DIGITAL ELPH.
To learn about the accuracy of these numbers, click here.



Specs

Canon SX610 HS
Canon S200 DIGITAL ELPH
Crop factor
5.62
6.5
Total megapixels
21.10
2.10
Effective megapixels
20.20
2.00
Optical zoom
18x
2x
Digital zoom
Yes
Yes
ISO sensitivity
Auto, 80-3200
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400
RAW
Manual focus
Normal focus range
5 cm
57 cm
Macro focus range
5 cm
10 cm
Focal length (35mm equiv.)
25 - 450 mm
35 - 70 mm
Aperture priority
No
No
Max. aperture
f3.8 - f6.9
f2.8 - f4.0
Max. aperture (35mm equiv.)
f21.4 - f38.8
f18.2 - f26
Metering
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
No
No
Min. shutter speed
15 sec
15 sec
Max. shutter speed
1/2000 sec
1/1500 sec
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder
None
Optical (tunnel)
White balance presets
5
6
Screen size
3"
1.5"
Screen resolution
922,000 dots
118,000 dots
Video capture
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (30p)
Storage types
SD/SDHC/SDXC
Compact Flash (Type I)
USB
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 1.0
HDMI
Wireless
GPS
Battery
Battery Pack NB-6L/NB-6LH
Canon Lithium-Ion
Weight
191 g
250 g
Dimensions
105.3 x 61 x 26.7 mm
87 x 57 x 27 mm
Year
2015
2002




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Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon SX610 HS diagonal

The diagonal of SX610 HS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Canon S200 DIGITAL ELPH diagonal

The diagonal of S200 DIGITAL ELPH sensor is not 1/2.7 or 0.37" (9.4 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 6.66 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 5.33 mm
h = 4.00 mm
Diagonal =  5.33² + 4.00²   = 6.66 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

SX610 HS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

S200 DIGITAL ELPH sensor area

Width = 5.33 mm
Height = 4.00 mm

Surface area = 5.33 × 4.00 = 21.32 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

SX610 HS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.19 µm
5183

S200 DIGITAL ELPH pixel pitch

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor resolution width = 1631 pixels
Pixel pitch =   5.33  × 1000  = 3.27 µm
1631


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

SX610 HS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.19 µm

Pixel area = 1.19² = 1.42 µm²

S200 DIGITAL ELPH pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.27 µm

Pixel area = 3.27² = 10.69 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels )² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000  / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

SX610 HS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5183 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5183 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 70.79 MP/cm²

S200 DIGITAL ELPH pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 1631 pixels
Sensor width = 0.533 cm

Pixel density = (1631 / 0.533)² / 1000000 = 9.36 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

SX610 HS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.20
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.20 × 1000000  = 3897
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3897 × 1.33 = 5183
Resolution vertical: X = 3897

Sensor resolution = 5183 x 3897

S200 DIGITAL ELPH sensor resolution

Sensor width = 5.33 mm
Sensor height = 4.00 mm
Effective megapixels = 2.00
r = 5.33/4.00 = 1.33
X =  2.00 × 1000000  = 1226
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 1226 × 1.33 = 1631
Resolution vertical: X = 1226

Sensor resolution = 1631 x 1226


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


SX610 HS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

S200 DIGITAL ELPH crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 6.66 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 6.5
6.66

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

SX610 HS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.8 - f6.9

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.8 - f6.9) × 5.62 = f21.4 - f38.8

S200 DIGITAL ELPH equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 6.5
Aperture = f2.8 - f4.0

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f2.8 - f4.0) × 6.5 = f18.2 - f26

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